Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Scouring

Scouring

Ratings: (0)|Views: 417 |Likes:
Published by syed asim najam

More info:

Published by: syed asim najam on Sep 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/06/2012

pdf

text

original

 
Scouring.
Cotton may contain between 4 and 12% by weight of impurities in the form of waxes, proteins, pectin’s, ash, and miscellaneous substances such as pigments,hemicelluloses and reducing sugars. These impurities are removed from thefabric by scouring, since their hydrophobic nature negatively affects theenhancement of the fabric’s wettability and absorbency. In this work, pectinase, protease and cellulose were used in various combinations for different treatment times, either in the baths containing one enzyme or different enzymecombinations, in order to evaluate the effects of these enzymes on 100% cottonfabric’s wettability and absorbency.
Scouring is an important process that contributes toimproved quality in dyed fabric, from which foreign substances found on grayfabric coming from both primary and secondary sources (cotton wax, thickener,wax and knitting oil) are removed so that smooth progress is ensured in theprocess of dyeing. The scouring process removes much of the non-cellulosiccompounds naturally found in cotton. In addition to the natural non-cellulosicimpurities, scouring can remove residual manufacturing introduced materialssuch as spinning, coning or slashing lubricants. The scouring process employssodium hydroxide or related causticizing agents such as sodium carbonate,potassium hydroxide or mixtures thereof. Generally an alkali stable surfactant isadded to the process to enhance solubilization of hydrophobic compounds and/or prevent their redeposition back on the fabric. The treatment is generally at a hightemperature, 80"C - 100"C, employing strongly alkaline solutions of the scouringagent, e.g., pH 13-14. Due to the non-specific nature of chemical processes notonly are the impurities but the cellulose itself is attacked, leading to damages instrength or other desirable fabric properties. The softness of the cellulosic fabricis a function of residual natural cotton waxes. The non-specific nature of the hightemperature strongly alkaline scouring process cannot discriminate between thedesirable natural cotton lubricants and the manufacturing introduced lubricants.
Alkaline enzyme scouring of cotton textiles
The invention relates to a process for treatment of cellulosic material, as for example, knitted or woven cotton fabric, comprising thesteps of preparing an aqueous enzyme solution comprising pectinase, treatingthe cellulosic material with an effective amount of the aqueous enzyme solutionunder alkaline scouring conditions; e.g., pH of 9 or above and a temperature of 50° C. or above, in a low calcium or calcium-free environment, yielding amodification of the cellulosic material such that exhibits an enhanced respond toa subsequent chemical treatment.Traditionally, cotton scouring has required the use of harsh alkaline chemicals(caustic), extreme temperatures and large volumes of water. Expenses include

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
ranjan349 liked this
Arman Hossian liked this
Umair Munna liked this
Rohan Ovhal liked this
mushahidur liked this
Md Jamil liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->