Root cause analysis
A root cause analysis identifies the set of multiple causes that together might create a potential accident. Root cause techniques have beensuccessfully borrowed from other disciplines and adapted to meet theneeds of the system safety concept, most notably the tree structurefrom Fault Tree Analysis, which was originally an engineeringtechnique.
The root cause analysis techniques can be categorised intotwo groups: a) tree techniques, and b) check list methods. There areseveral root causal analysis techniques, e.g. Management Oversightand Risk Tree (MORT) analysis.
Others are Event and Causal Factor Analysis (ECFA),Multilinear Events Sequencing, Sequentially TimedEvents Plotting Procedure, Savannah River Plant Root Cause AnalysisSystem.