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Introduction to Switch Gear and Protection

Introduction to Switch Gear and Protection

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Published by pmankad
This document contains the first Assignment "Introduction to switch gear and protection"
This document contains the first Assignment "Introduction to switch gear and protection"

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Published by: pmankad on Sep 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs

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03/13/2014

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LEM
8 Pa stu`y ta lg egtra`uotary dbvbd, lnaut swetof kblrs lg` pratbotevb sofbmbs.
_[EPOF KBL^
L krblt `bmlg` ai bdbotreoety es l gatlndb iblturb ai ma`brg oevedeslteag. Mast ai tfb bgbrky es rbquerb` iar dekftegk, fbltegk, `ambsteo lppdelgobs, eg`ustreld bdbotreold mlofegbry lg` bdbotreold trloteag. Pfes empartlgob ai bdbotreo suppdy fls oagstruotb` suof oeroumstlgobs tflt wb must sbourb tfb pawbr systbm iram dlrkb iludts lg` prave`b pratboteag ta tfb mlofegbrebs lg` `bveobs usb` lg` ta bgsurb mlxemum oagteguety ai tfb pawbr suppdy. Iar tfes purpasb, mlofegbs suof ls kbgbrltars lg` matars lrb gbb`b` ta nb swetofb
` ag lg` aii mlgy tembs. Mblgs prave`b` ta lofebvb tfes lrb olddb` ‖_wetof kblrs―.
 
— 
Pfb lpprltus usb` iar swetofegk, oagtraddegk lg` pratbotegk bdbotreold oerouets lg`
bquepmbgts es cgawg ls swetofkblr.” 
 
Pfb tbrm
swetofkblr
, usb` eg lssaoelteag wetf tfb bdbotreo pawbr systbm, ar kre`, rbibrs ta tfb oamneglteag ai bdbotreold `esoaggbots, iusbs lg`/ar oerouet nrblcbrs usb` ta esadltb bdbotreold bquepmbgt. _wetofkblr es usb` natf ta `b-bgbrkezb bquepmbgt ta lddaw warc ta nb `agb lg` ta odblr iludts `awgstrblm.
_wetofkblr 
 es l gag-oaugt gaug, muof decb
tfb saitwlrb tbrm —oa`b,” lg` es gbvbr usb` ls —swetofkblrs.”
 Pfb vbry blrdebst obgtrld pawbr stlteags usb` sempdb apbg cgeib swetofbs, maugtb` ag egsudltegk plgbds ai mlrndb ar lsnbstas. Zawbr dbvbds lg` vadtlkbs rlpe`dy bsoldltb`, mlcegk apbg mlgulddy-apbrltb` swetofbs taa `lgkbraus ta usb iar lgytfegk atfbr tflg esadlteag ai l `b-bgbrkezb` oerouet. Aed-ieddb` bquepmbgt lddawb` lro bgbrky ta nb oagtlegb` lg` slibdy oagtraddb`. Ny tfb blrdy >:tf obgtury, l swetofkblr degb-up waud` nb l mbtld-bgodasb` struoturb wetf bdbotreolddy-apbrltb` swetofegk bdbmbgts, usegk aed oerouet nrblcbrs. Pa`ly, aed-ieddb` bquepmbgt fls dlrkbdy nbbg rbpdlob` ny ler-ndlst, vlouum, ar _I
9
 bquepmbgt, lddawegk dlrkb ourrbgts lg` pawbr dbvbds ta nb slibdy oagtraddb` ny lutamlteo bquepmbgt egoarparltegk `eketld oagtrads, pratboteag, mbtbregk lg` oammugeolteags.
_[EPOF KBL^_ LP _RN_PLPEAG_ & FAR_EGK_
Pypeolddy swetofkblr eg sunstlteags es daoltb` ag natf tfb fekf vadtlkb lg` tfb daw vadtlkb se`b ai dlrkb pawbr trlgsiarmbrs. Pfb swetofkblr daoltb` ag tfb daw vadtlkb se`b ai tfb trlgsiarmbrs eg `estrenuteag typb sunstlteags, gaw lrb typeolddy daoltb` eg wflt es olddb` l Zawbr @estrenuteag Obgtrb (Z@O). Egse`b tfes nued`egk lrb typeolddy smlddbr, mb`eum-vadtlkb (~<2cY) oerouet nrblcbrs ibb`egk tfb `estrenuteag systbm. Ldsa oagtlegb` egse`b tfbsb Zawbr Oagtrad Obgtrbs lrb vlreaus rbdlys, mbtbrs, lg` atfbr oammugeolteag bquepmbgt lddawegk iar egtbddekbgt oagtrad ai tfb sunstlteag. Iar eg`ustreld lppdeolteags, l trlgsiarmbr lg` swetofkblr (Dal` Nrblcegk _wetof Iusb Rget) degb-up mly nb oamnegb` eg fausegk, olddb` l ugetezb` sunstlteag ar R__.
 
 _wetofkblr iar daw vadtlkbs mly nb bgterbdy bgodasb` wetfeg l nued`egk. Iar trlgsmesseag dbvbds ai vadtlkb (fekf vadtlkbs avbr 99 cY), aitbg swetofkblr wedd nb maugtb` aut`aars lg` egsudltb` ny ler, tfaukf tfes rbquerbs l dlrkb lmaugt ai splob. Kls- Sar aed- ar vlouum-] egsudltb` swetofkblr usb` iar trlgsmesseag-dbvbd vadtlkbs slvbs splob, ldtfaukf et fls l fekfbr bquepmbgt oast. Lt smldd sunstlteags, swetofbs mly nb mlgulddy apbrltb`, nut lt empartlgt swetofegk stlteags ag tfb trlgsmesseag gbtwarc ldd `bveobs flvb matar apbrltars ta lddaw iar rbmatb oagtrad.
PUZB_ & ODL__EIEOLPEAG AI _[EPOF KBL^_
L pebob ai swetofkblr mly nb l sempdb apbg ler esadltar swetof ar et mly nb egsudltb` ny samb atfbr sunstlgob. Lg biibotevb ldtfaukf marb oastdy iarm ai swetofkblr es
kls egsudltb` swetofkblr 
 (KE_), wfbrb tfb oag`uotars lg` oagtlots lrb egsudltb` ny prbssurezb` sudpfur fbxliduare`b kls (_I
9
). Atfbr oammag typbs lrb aed Sar vlouum] egsudltb` swetofkblr. L sempdb iusb usb` lt aur famb, ar l takkdb swetof es l sempdb daw tbgseag swetof kblr. _bvbrld `eiibrbgt odlsseieolteags ai swetofkblr olg nb ml`b8
 
Ny tfb ourrbgt rltegk.
 
Ny egtbrruptegk rltegk (mlxemum sfart oerouet ourrbgt tflt tfb `bveob olg slibdy egtbrrupt)
a
 
Oerouet nrblcbrs olg apbg lg` odasb ag iludt ourrbgts
a
 
Dal`-nrblc/Dal`-mlcb swetofbs olg swetof garmld systbm dal` ourrbgts
a
 
Esadltars mly agdy nb apbrltb` wfedb tfb oerouet es `bl`, ar tfb dal` ourrbgt es vbry smldd.
 
Ny vadtlkb odlss8
a
 
Daw vadtlkb (dbss tflg <,::: vadts LO)
a
 
Mb`eum vadtlkb (<,:::
 ‟
?2,::: vadts LO)
a
 
Fekf vadtlkb (marb tflg ?2,::: vadts LO)
 
Ny egsudltegk mb`eum8
a
 
Ler
a
 
Kls (_I
9
 ar mexturbs)
a
 
Aed
a
 
Ylouum
 
 
 
Ny oagstruoteag typb8
a
 
Eg`aar (iurtfbr odlsseieb` ny EZ (Egkrbss Zratboteag) odlss ar GBML bgodasurb typb)
a
 
Aut`aar
a
 
Eg`ustreld
a
 
Rtedety
a
 
Mlregb
a
 
@rlw-aut bdbmbgts (rbmavlndb wetfaut mlgy taads)
a
 
Iexb` bdbmbgts (nadtb` ilstbgbrs)
a
 
Devb-iragt
a
 
@bl`-iragt
a
 
Apbg
a
 
Mbtld-bgodasb`
a
 
Mbtld-odl`
a
 
Mbtld bgodasb & Mbtld odl`
a
 
Lro-rbsestlgt
 
Ny egtbrruptegk `bveob8
a
 
Iusbs
a
 
Ler Ndlst Oerouet Nrblcbr
a
 
Megemum Aed Oerouet Nrblcbr
a
 
Aed Oerouet Nrblcbr
a
 
Ylouum Oerouet Nrblcbr
a
 
Kls (_I
9
) Oerouet nrblcbr
 
Ny apbrltegk mbtfa`8
a
 
Mlgulddy-apbrltb`
a
 
Matar-apbrltb`
a
 
_adbgae`/starb` bgbrky apbrltb`
 
Ny typb ai ourrbgt8
a
 
Ldtbrgltegk ourrbgt
a
 
@erbot ourrbgt
 
Ny lppdeolteag8
a
 
Prlgsmesseag systbm
a
 
@estrenuteag.

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pmankad added this note
Read this from the same user, It is simplyt an awesome magazine! Proteus Magazine - September'13 issue
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