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519_transmission Line Theory by Vishnu

519_transmission Line Theory by Vishnu

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Published by Mayank

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Mayank on Sep 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/29/2011

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 Transmission Line Theory Transmission Line Theory
Introduction:Introduction:
In an electronic system, the delivery of powerIn an electronic system, the delivery of powerrequires the connection of two wires between the sourcerequires the connection of two wires between the sourceand the load. At low frequencies, power is considered toand the load. At low frequencies, power is considered tobe delivered to the load through the wire.be delivered to the load through the wire.In the microwave frequency region, power isIn the microwave frequency region, power isconsidered to be in electric and magnetic fields that areconsidered to be in electric and magnetic fields that areguided from lace to place by some physical structure. Any guided from lace to place by some physical structure. Any physical structure that will guide an electromagnetic wavephysical structure that will guide an electromagnetic waveplace to place is called aplace to place is called a
Transmission Line Transmission Line 
..
 
Types of Transmission LinesTypes of Transmission Lines
1.1.Two wire lineTwo wire line 2.2.Coaxial cableCoaxial cable 3.3.WaveguideWaveguide
R
ectangular 
R
ectangular 
Circular Circular 
4.4.Planar Transmission LinesPlanar Transmission Lines
Strip lineStrip line
Microstrip lineMicrostrip line
Slot lineSlot line
Fin lineFin line
Coplanar WaveguideCoplanar Waveguide
Coplanar slot lineCoplanar slot line
 
Analysis of differences between LowAnalysis of differences between Lowand High Frequencyand High Frequency
At low frequencies, the circuit elements are lumped sinceAt low frequencies, the circuit elements are lumped sincevoltage and current waves affect the entire circuit at the samevoltage and current waves affect the entire circuit at the sametime.time.
At microwave frequencies, such treatment of circuit elementsAt microwave frequencies, such treatment of circuit elementsis not possible since voltag and current waves do not affect theis not possible since voltag and current waves do not affect theentire circuit at the same time.entire circuit at the same time.
The circuit must be broken down into unit sections withinThe circuit must be broken down into unit sections withinwhich the circuit elements are considered to be lumped.which the circuit elements are considered to be lumped.
This is because the dimensions of the circuit are comparable toThis is because the dimensions of the circuit are comparable tothe wavelength of the waves according to the formula:the wavelength of the waves according to the formula:
P!P!
c/f c/f 
where,where,c = velocity of lightc = velocity of lightf = frequency of voltage/currentf = frequency of voltage/current

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