Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Handicraft

Handicraft

Ratings: (0)|Views: 34 |Likes:
Published by Vedansh Pandey

More info:

Published by: Vedansh Pandey on Sep 22, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/02/2011

pdf

text

original

 
Chhattisgarh handicraft
The State Background:
On November 1, 2000, India gave birth to the newstate of Chhattisgarh. Carved out of the state of MadhyaPradesh, Chhattisgarh spans an area of 1,35,194 squarekilometers, and consists of sixteen districts, all blessedwith the bounties of nature. The Chitrakoot Falls of Tirathgarh, where the coolriver waters cascade over a 110 feet borse-shoe shaped drop, the mysteriousancient caves of Kailash and Kutumsar located deep in the virgin Kanger ValleyNational Park and the meandering Indravati river all evoke the essence ofChhattisgarh – serene and yet spontaneous.The land has always been the focal point of this state,Exuberant forests yield products like wood, spices, honey,wax and tamarind, Copper ore, limestone, coal and phosphateare found in abundance in the embracing depths of its soil.Agriculture is the main occupation of nearly eighty percent ofits population. In fact, so many different varieties of rice aregrown within its perimeter, that Chhattisgarh has rightly earned the sobriquet – ‘Rice Bowl of India’. Chhattisgarh has been home to many races and tribes-
Banias, Gonds,
and
Maria,
to name a few. Many of them trace their origins tothe neighbouring states of Madhya pradesh, Andhra pradesh, Orissa, andMaharashtra. Having migrated to this State centuries ago, they have merged intothe local population, whose language they now speak, and whose customs andfestivals they observe. The people of Chhattisgarh have long resided in perfect
 
:: 2 ::
harmony with nature. Perhaps even, for more years than there are trees in itsforests.
The People
Deep in the forest, the reverberating sound ofdrumbeats and rhythmic footsteps float through theair. Songs of Birds resonate in chorus and a gentlebreeze carries this symphony of nature across theland ….the land of Chhattisgarh and its people. Themahogany tones of their blitbe bodies appear as ifcreated by the bands of the gods and goddesses theyrevere from the very soil on which they live. Of theentire population of Chhattisgarh, almost a third aretribals. Prominent among them are the
Hill
and
BisonHorn Marias
and
Muria Gonds, Dhuruvaas,Bhatras,
and halbas, According to professions themain castes are the
Ghadwas
(Blacksmiths),
Mahar
or
Gandas
(weavers), the
Chamar
(leather worker),
Kallar
and
Sundi
(distillers),
Rawat
(cowberd), eachproviding an vital service in maintaining the finebalance of the tribal society, Ruled by the
Kakatiya’s
from the 14
th
century, the Bastar and the adjoining areas also saw animmigration of
Bania
merchants from the surrounding states. In addition,communities of Telegu speaking people of Andhra Pradesh also made it theirborne. All of them live in complete barmony with each other, as also with theirenvironment.Nothing is more distinctive of the
Chhattisgarhi
than his love of music,dance and liquor. All these elements come together in the many festivalscelebrated by the tribals. The harvest of a new crop is rejoiced with the festival of
Navakhana –
eating of the new crop, worship of the earth takes place in
MatiPuja,
and
Goncha
celebrates the chariot festival. In all festivals drums
(tudbudiand dhapra),
Flute
(muhri)
and string instruments
(sitara)
are played with great
 
:: 3 ::
enthusiasm and all the tribesmen and women join in to dance through the day.
Sulfi
or
mahua
is drunk by everyone and there is much merriment.
Religion & rituals
Religion and rituals play a very important role inthe life of
Chhattisgarhi
people. The informalnature of religion in this area is typical of thatpracticed by many small ethnic groups in India. Itis reflected in the anionic forms of folk-mythicalgods and goddesses.
Danteshwari
is one of themost revered goddesses of this area, worshipedas the bestower of wishes and protector against evil. Shrines are usually simpleand unadorned, such as the gudi, which is a simple collection of terracottafigurines positioned near a stream or in a cave. The faith is profound, but simplein manifestation.The
ghotul
is a social institution which seeks to instill aspirit of independence and social responsibility in itsyoung
Gonds.
It takes up the form of a youth dormitory,where young boys called
cheliks
and young girls called
motiaries
live together and learn the tenets of social,religious and artistic life.
Ghotuls
are regarded asshrines, and are said to be protected by
Lingo Pen
, a
Gond
cult hero. They are usually built on a high spotlike a bill, on the outskirts of the village. The most important feature of a
ghotul
is co-habitation and marriage. When the
cheliks
and
motiaries
attain puberty,they are initiated to sex by the older members of the
ghotul.
There is nodomination of one gender over the other. Once a couple has lived together andsubsequently decided to marry, they are required to leave the
ghotul.
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->