© 2007 The German Marshall Fund o the United States. All rights reserved.No part o this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any orm or by any means without permission inwriting rom the German Marshall Fund o the United States (GMF). Please direct inquiries to:The German Marshall Fund o the United States1744 R Street, NWWashington, DC 20009T 1 202 745 3950F 1 202 265 1662E email@example.comThis publication can be downloaded or ree at http://www.gmus.org/publications/index.cm. To request a copy,send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The German Marshall Fund o the United States (GMF) is a nonpartisan American public policy and grantmakinginstitution dedicated to promoting greater cooperation and understanding between the United States and Europe.GMF does this by supporting individuals and institutions working on transatlantic issues, by convening leadersto discuss the most pressing transatlantic themes, and by examining ways in which transatlantic cooperation canaddress a variety o global policy challenges. In addition, GMF supports a number o initiatives to strengthendemocracies.Founded in 1972 through a git rom Germany as a permanent memorial to Marshall Plan assistance, GMF main-tains a strong presence on both sides o the Atlantic. In addition to its headquarters in Washington, DC, GMF hasseven ofces in Europe: Berlin, Bratislava, Paris, Brussels, Belgrade, Ankara, and Bucharest.This report benefted substantially rom the contributions
and work of Te Rockfeller Foundation and theBellagio Study and Conference Center. GMF thanks Te Rockfeller Foundation for its support.
About The Rockefeller Foundation and the Bellagio Study and Conference Center
The Rockeeller Foundation was established in 1913 by John D. Rockeeller Sr. to “promote the well-being” o humanity by addressing the root causes o serious problems. It is one o the United States’ largest private ounda-tions, working internationally to expand opportunities or poor and vulnerable people and to help ensure thatthe benefts o globalization are shared more equitably. The Bellagio Study and Conerence Center is central tothis commitment, and its programs encourage critical thinking about and creative responses to some o the mostpressing issues o our time, especially those directed at alleviating poverty and vulnerability. The Center hostsmore than 140 ellows and 50 conerences each year.