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1. the Purpose of the Prophecy of 70 Weeks PDF

1. the Purpose of the Prophecy of 70 Weeks PDF

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04/12/2011

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CHAPTER ONE
The Purpose of the Prophecy of 70 Weeks
Coincident with the rise of Babylon in the North in 606 B.C. was the
“captivity”
and deportation of
the
cream” of the Jewish people from the
two Southern Tribes of Judah and Benjamin, together with someof the Levite Priests; into the service of the King of Babylon. Jerusalem and
 
Solomon’s
Temple were destroyed on the 9
th
Av. 586 B.C. by Nebuchadnezzar, King ofBabylon. This particular prophecy was given to Daniel a captive in Babylonia by the Angel Gabriel
toresolve his prayers about his sins and the sins of the Jewish people, and allay his concern about thedesolation of the Holy Mountain.
Daniel’s concern about
both of these problems revolved around the previously prophesied futureministry of The Messiah, and the need for the Temple in Jerusalem to be in existence when he came.
The prophecy of Daniel’s “70 weeks” therefore
mainly concerns the Jewish people, the restoration of Jerusalem, the coming Messiah
’s mission,
and his relationship with the rebuilt City and sanctuary,
where the Jews’ relationship with God was centred.
 Gabriel gave Daniel the solutions to his concerns in the
70 Weeks prophecy
when he stated that Jerusalem would be rebuilt, and then The Messiah would come. He also implied that The Templewould be in existence when Messiah came; but
that He would be “cut off” and then the city and the
sanctuary would be destroyed.
The term “70 weeks”, means
the actual time period which would see the fulfilment of
God’s
 
“salvation”
by sending T
he Messiah (the “anointed one”) who would
, via a covenant, deal with the sin of the Jewish people and restore their relationship with God.
The Hebrew word translated as “weeks” is
“ 
sabua
” 
and it means “week” or “time period of seven”.
The interpretation of this phrase is therefore
 
70 multiplied by a “time period of seven” thus 70 x 7 =
490. This is taken to mean a time period of 490 years in total.It is the aim of this booklet to show that the components of the prophecy were fulfilled within a general
490 year “time frame”
without using specific calendar dates which may or may not be correct,depending on the starting date for the prophecy, and where the birth, ministry and death of JesusChrist is placed in history.For those scholars who have converted 490 years into actual so-
called “prophetic year” periods of 360
days each, and calculate this period of time to be 176,400 days in total; I can only state that I find it
rather difficult to reconcile such a “prophetic year” with the oscillating He
brew calendar of 12 or 13months, and the consistent Biblical use of actual days and named months which implies a full year, andnot a so called prophetic year of 360 days.The purpose of this booklet is to see what was fulfilled, and what, if anything is yet to be fulfilled of thisprophecy, because it has a great bearing on what we can expect to see happen on earth in the nearfuture. I believe it will also help us to focus on other important aspects of relevant prophecy, andunderstand the end-time events and scenario that we see unfolding around us.
 
T
he Focus of Daniel’s Prayer
 
Daniel 9:3-19
There are four things about the context of
Daniel’s prayer, and the solution to his problems in
this 70weeks prophecy, which need to be kept in mind as we study the scriptures.
1.
Daniel’s prayer
concerns two matters which are of great importance to him
 
a) The historic Sins of the people of Judah and Israel
who have been scattered and driven intoother countries as a result of the curse that has come upon them.
b)
 
The state of the sanctuary in Jerusalem
- i.e. the holy mountain
the Temple which has beendestroyed and made desolate.
2. The Messenger -
Daniel’s pray
er is a long one, and Daniel is surprised at the prompt answer given,for even as he is praying Gabriel appears to tell him that
 
it was
“at the beginning” 
of his prayerthat the
“commandment” 
came forth for Gabriel to show Daniel what would happen to his peopleand the holy city.
Dan. 9:23.
Even before he finished praying the messenger was on his way! Heprayed it and dated it 1
st
year of Darius, a contemporary of Cyrus the Persian (c/f Daniel 6:28 -believed to be 539/538 B.C.)
3. The Covenant
- He was concerned in his prayer in Chapter 9:2 that the 70 years of captivity anddesolations prophesied by Jeremiah were coming to an end. He addressed God, (v.4) as
“O Lord,
the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that
keep his commandments.”
 
Daniel therefore had some
“covenant”
in mind when he prayed. Ibelieve his prayer was made in response to something he knew about such a covenant. Hementions that the
“sanctuary is desolate” 
(v.17) he beseeches God to
“open His eyes and 
behold their desolations
” 
,
 
implying that it is for God’s
own sake that attention be paid to these
matters because the city and the people are called by God’s name. This is the subject matter of his
prayer.
4. The Interpretation -
Gabriel came to give Daniel skill and understanding
of the “70 weeks prophecy”
which was given in answer to his prayer.
Daniel 9:20-23
“And whiles I was speaking, and praying,
and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before theLORD my God for the holy mountain of my God; Yea, whiles I was speaking in prayer, even theman Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touchedme about the time of the evening oblation. And he informed me and talked with me, and said, ODaniel I am now come forth to give thee skill and understanding. At the beginning of thysupplications the commandment came forth, and I am come to shew thee; for thou art greatlybeloved; therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
 
First of all we need to read the prophecy, and then we will examine its parts. For the sake of clarityand so that the Prophecy can be compared with the analysis side by side, I have colour coded theparticular topics and subject headings which will help to identify the relevant phrases.

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