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Bansal Classes Mathematics Study Material for IIT JEE

# Bansal Classes Mathematics Study Material for IIT JEE

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Bansal Classes, IIT JEE, IIT, JEE, Study Material, Solved Papers, Algebra, Calculus, Differentiation, Integration, Parabola, Hyperbola, Circles, Straight Lines, Quadratic Equations
Bansal Classes, IIT JEE, IIT, JEE, Study Material, Solved Papers, Algebra, Calculus, Differentiation, Integration, Parabola, Hyperbola, Circles, Straight Lines, Quadratic Equations

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07/22/2015

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BANSAL CLASSES
MATHEMATICS
TARGET
IIT JEE
2007
XI (P, Q, R, S)
COMPOUND ANGLES
Trigonometry Phase
-
i
: - .
»
I
CONTENTS
KEY-CONCEPTS  EXERCISE-I  EXERCISE
-II
KEY

KEY
CONCEPTS
BASIC TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES :
(a)
sin
2
9 + cos
2
9=1 ; -l<sin9<l; -l<cos9<l V 9e
(b)
sec
2
9
- tan
2
9=1 ; | sec
0
| >
1
V 9eR (c) cosec
2
9
-
cot
2
9=1 ; |cosec9|>l V 9e
IMPORTANT T' RATIOS :
(a)
sinn7t
= 0 ;
cosn7T
= (-l)
n
;
tann7t
= 0 where
n
e I
. (2n + l)7i
(b)
(c)
sin-
;
(-l)
n
& cos
(2n
+
1)Tt
=
Q
where ne Isin 15° or sin
12
cos 15° or cos —
12
V3-1 __
0
5n
—r=- = cos 75 or cos —
2V2 12
V3+1 . _.
0
. 5
7X
—r=~ = sm 75° or sin —
2V2 12
(d)
(e)
tan 15° =
- = 2-V3
= cot 75° ; tan75°= =
2+V3
=cot 15°
V3 + 1 V3 - 1
.
11 J2
- ^ 71
1
/2 + V2 71
r-
3tt
rz
,
=
v
—
—
=
JL
-- ; tan - = V2 -
1
; tan = V2 +
1
smcos
88
71
100
V5 -
1
sm or sin 18 =
10 4
P ICO
71 VJ+l
& cos 36 or cos
—
=
5 4
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS OF ALLIED ANGLES :
If 9 is any angle, then - 9,
90
±9 ,
180
±9 ,
270
±9 , 360 ±9 etc. are called
ALLIED ANGLES4.5.
(a)
sin (- 9) = - sin 9
;
cos (-
9)
=
cos
9
(b)
sin
(90°- 9)
=
cos 9 ;
cos
(90°
- 9) = sin 9
(c)
sin (90°+ 9) = cos 9
;
cos (90°+
9)
= - sin 9
(d)
sin(180°-9) = sin9
;
cos (180°-9) =-cos 9
(e)
sin (180°+ 9) = - sin9 ;cos(180°+9) = -cos9
(f)
sin (270°- 9) = -
cos 9 ;
cos (270°- 9) = - sin 9
(g)
sin (270°+
9)
= -
cos 9 ;
cos (270°+9) = sin9
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS OF SUM OR DIFFERENCE OF Two ANGLES
(a)
sin
(A
±
B)
= sinA
cosB
± cosA sinB
(b)
cos
(A ±
B) = cosA
cosB
+ sinA sinBsin
2
A - sin
2
B = cos
2
B - cos
2
A = sin (A+B). sin (A- B)
sine & coseconly + veAll +vetan & cotcos & seconly +veonly +ve
(c)
(d)
cos
2
A - sin
2
B = cos
2
B - sin
2
A = cos (A+B). cos
(A
- B)
(e)
tan
(A
± B)
:tanA ± tanB
(f)
cot (A ± B) =
cotA cotB + 11 +tanA tanB " ~ ' cotB + cotA
FACTORISATION OF THE SUM OR DIFFERENCE OF Two SINES OR COSINES :
(a)
sinC + sinD = 2sin
C + P
cos———
(c)
cosC + cosD = 2 cos
C + D
cos
C + D C
(b)
sinC - sinD = 2 cos sin—
DDC + D
(d)
cosC-cosD = -2sin sm
2
C - D
^Bansal Classes
Trig.-<t>-1 or , ^ ^
Sin [2]

TRANSFORMATION OF PRODUCTS INTO SUM OR DIFFERENCE OF SINES & COSINES:
(a)
2 sinA
cosB
= sin(A+B) + sin(A-B)
(b)
2 cosA
sinB
= sin(A+B) - sin(A-B)
(c)
2 cosA cosB = cos(A+B) + cos(A-B)
(d)
2 sinA
sinB
= cos(A-B) - cos(A+B)
MULTIPLE ANGLES AND HALF ANGLES :
9 9
(a)
sin 2A =
2
sinA cosA ; sin9 = 2sin-cos-
(b)
cos 2 A = cos
2
A - sin
2
A = 2cos
2
A -1 = 1-2 sin
2
A;cos
6
= cos
2
— - sin
2
-^ = 2cos
2
^- -1 = 1- 2sin
2
^-.
2 2 2 2
. l-cos2A2 cos
2
A =
1
+ cos 2A, 2sin
2
A =
1
- cos 2A ; tan
2
A =
l
+ cos2A
9 9
2 cos
2
— =
1
+ cos
9
, 2 sin
2
— =
1
- cos9.
2 2
?
T
A
^ tanf
(c)
tan2A=
2tan
? ; tan9= , ~ri
w
1 - tan
2
A 1 - tan
T
(d)
sin2A =
2tanA
, cos2A=
1
-
taa
[
A
(
e
) sin3A =
3
sinA-4 sin
3
A
W
1 + tan A 1 + tan A3 tan A - tan
3
A
(f)
cos 3A =
4
cos
3
A -
3
cosA
(g)
tan 3A , ,
w
1-3 tan'A
8. THREE ANGLES :
tanA + tanB + tanC - tanA tanB tanC
(a)
tan (A+B+C) =
1 - tanA tanB - tanB tanC - tanC tanA
NOTE IF
:
(i)
A+B+C = n then tanA+tanB + tanC = tanA tanB tanC
(ii)
A+B+C = ~ then tanA tanB + tanB tanC + tanC tanA=
1
(b)
If A+B + C =
7t
then:
(i)
sin2A
+ sin2B
+ sin2C = 4 sinA
sinB
sinC
ABC
(ii)
sinA + sinB + sinC =
4
cos
—
cos
— cos —
v
' 2 2 2
9. MAXIMUM & MINIMUM VALUES OF TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS:
(a) Min. value of a
2
tan
2
9 + b
2
cot
2
9 =
2ab
where 9 € R (b) Max. and
Min.
value of acos9 + bsin9 are ,j
a2
5
2
and—^J
a2
+ ^
2
(c) If
f(9)
= acos(a + 9) + bcos(B
+ 9)
where
a,
b, a and
P are
known quantities then
-•\Ja
2
+ b
2
+ 2abcos(ct-p) <f(9)< ^/a
2
+b
2
+ 2abcos(a -
(3)
(d) If(x,B e [0,-7
j
and a
+
p
=
a (constant) then the maximum values of the expressioncosa cosp, cosa + cosp, sina + sinP and sina sinpaoccurs when a =
P
= —.
fn A
(e) If a,p e J and a +
p =
a(constant) then the minimum
values
of the expression
o
seca + seep, tana + tanp, coseca + cosecp occurs when a = P = —.(f)
IfA, B, C are
the angles of a
triangle
then maximum value of sinA + sinB + sinC and sinA sinB sinC occurs when A=B =
C
= 60°(g) In case a
in sin9 or
cos9 is
given then the maximum or minimum values can be interpreted
by
making a
perfect
square.
^Bansal Classes
Trig.-(f>-I
[3]

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