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Published by: Kumareswaran Subasgar on Sep 23, 2010
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Digital Library FederationCouncil on Library and Information ResourcesWashington, D.C.
The Digital Library:A Biography
by Daniel Greenstein and Suzanne E. Thorin
 
ii
ISBN 1-887334-95-5
Second edition December 2002First edition September 2002Published by:
Digital Library FederationCouncil on Library and Information Resources1755 Massachusetts Avenue, NW, Suite 500Washington, DC 20036
Web site at http://www.clir.orgAdditional copies are available for $20 per copy. Orders must be placed through CLIR’s Web site.The paper in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard for InformationSciences—Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials ANSI Z39.48-1984.Copyright 2002 by the Council on Library and Information Resources. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transcribedin any form without permission of the publisher. Requests for reproduction should be submitted to the Director of Communicationsat the Council on Library and Information Resources.
 8             
About the Authors
Daniel Greenstein
is university librarian for systemwide library planning and scholarly information anddirector of the California Digital Library (CDL). Before joining the CDL in May 2002, he served for twoand a half years as director of the Digital Library Federation, during which time he conducted researchfor this report. Mr. Greenstein was a founding director of the Arts and Humanities Data Service in theUnited Kingdom, and founding co-director of the Resource Discovery Network, a distributed servicewhose mission is to enrich learning, research, and cultural engagement by facilitating new levels of accessto high-quality Internet resources.
Suzanne E. Thorin
is the Ruth Lilly University Dean of University Libraries at Indiana University. From1980 to 1996, she served on the staff of the Library of Congress (LC). From 1992–1996 she was the LC chief of staff and the associate librarian. At LC, Thorin served as the official U.S. representative, appointed bythe White House, for the G-7 electronic libraries project, one of eleven G-7 pilot projects for the GlobalInformation Society. She was also responsible for the National Digital Library Program.
 
iii
Contents
Acknowledgments..........................................................................................................ivPreface............................................................................................................................vSECTION 1: The BiographyIntroduction....................................................................................................................1Aspiration and the “Skunk Works”: The Young Digital Library............................3Origins.............................................................................................................3Mission...............................................................................................4Leadership and Ownership.............................................................4Organizational Location..................................................................6Funding.............................................................................................................8Characteristics..................................................................................................9Innovation..........................................................................................9Quest for “Killer Apps”.................................................................10Competition.....................................................................................10Rolling Projects into Programs: The Maturing Digital Library.............................11Characteristics................................................................................................12Interest in Modular Systems Architecture...................................12Desire for Common Standards.....................................................13Focus on the User............................................................................14Technical and Organizational Integration.................................................15Marketing and Promotion............................................................................20From Integration to Interdependency: The Adult Digital Library.......................22Digital Libraries as Infrastructure...............................................................22Move Toward Permanent Funding.............................................................23Continued Experimentation........................................................................23Deep Interdependency.................................................................................24Off-Campus.....................................................................................24On-Campus......................................................................................26Competition Within the University............................................................27Archiving University Information...............................................27Instructional Technologies.............................................................28Conclusion....................................................................................................................29SECTION 2: Case StudiesCalifornia Digital Library (University of California).............................................33Harvard University.....................................................................................................37Indiana University.......................................................................................................42New York University...................................................................................................48University of Michigan...............................................................................................52University of Virginia..................................................................................................58References.....................................................................................................................62APPENDIXESAppendix 1: Survey Respondents............................................................................64Appendix 2: Survey Data: Principal Preliminary Results.....................................65

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