ROCEEDINGS OF THE
OMMITTEE OF THE
ONUMENTS ET DES
evolving process. Therefore, authenticity addresses also those vicissitudes undergone by the resource throughoutits history but that have not eradicated its nature.
It is imperative to make all communities aware of the meaning of authenticity in the cultural heritage, by providingthe means for its correct knowledge and evaluation, its protection and conservation; and by promoting its artisticand spiritual enjoyment as well as its educational use, where historic memory, testimonials and cultural continuityare the common root.
AUTHENTICITY AND CONTEXT
Conserving the authenticity of urban districts with heritage value includes the retention of its socio-culturalcontent, improving the quality of life of their inhabitants. The equilibrium between building and context isfundamental, both in an urban and a rural setting. A rupture in this relationship would threaten authenticity.Therefore, it is necessary to create special norms that will maintain the primitive setting whenever possible orgenerate harmonious relationships among massing, texture and color.
AUTHENTICITY AND MATERIALS
An important portion of our heritage, especially in our traditional and vernacular architecture, is made of materialsthat are by nature ephemeral, such as earth, vegetable elements, wood, etc. In these cases, the renewal of evolving practices with cultural continuity, such as the substitution of certain elements by using traditionaltechniques, constitutes an authentic response. We also consider this a valid action in areas or zones with seismicor climatic risk.
DEGREE OF AUTHENTICITY
Another aspect that must be taken into consideration is the degree of authenticity in a resource, and thequalification of its authenticities in relation to the forces that gave it its origin : in the spatial, functional,constructive , and decorative aspects, etc. It will vary, for each architecture: colonial, industrial, academicist,eclectic, modern, etc., but always will be sustained through the correct interpretation of the resources on the basisof research, consultation and discussion.
In defining parameters for a strategy to conserve authenticity, we must bear in mind the identification of localcultural traditions; respect and valorization of these traditions, in a general way and for its specific components,and the study of the most adequate techniques to preserve all its authenticities.
Contemporary treatments must rescue the
of the building or site, reinforcing its authenticity withouttransforming its
essence and balance
, avoiding extraordinary actions and enhancing its values.
The introduction of new uses in heritage buildings is feasible inasmuch there exist a previous recognition of thebuilding as such, plus a precise diagnostic as to what treatments the building can bear and accept. In all cases, thequality of the treatments is fundamental, and all new elements introduced must be both reversible andharmonious with the whole.
In heritage buildings and sites, façadism, theatrical effects, fragmentations, collages and internal gutting are notrecommended, as they lead to the loss of the resource's intrinsic authenticity.