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SEEP Guidelines Book 3 for Policy Makers

SEEP Guidelines Book 3 for Policy Makers

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The SEEP Network Guidelines for Microenterprise Development in HIV and AIDS-Impacted Communities: Supporting Economic Security and Health

BOOK 3

Policy Makers: Donors, Strategic Planners, and Advocates

Copyright © 2008 The SEEP Network

This publication of the HIV & AIDS and Microenterprise Development Working Group of The SEEP Network was made possible with support from USAID through the AMAP Financial Services Knowledge Generation Project. The contents are the responsibility of SEEP.
The SEEP Network Guidelines for Microenterprise Development in HIV and AIDS-Impacted Communities: Supporting Economic Security and Health

BOOK 3

Policy Makers: Donors, Strategic Planners, and Advocates

Copyright © 2008 The SEEP Network

This publication of the HIV & AIDS and Microenterprise Development Working Group of The SEEP Network was made possible with support from USAID through the AMAP Financial Services Knowledge Generation Project. The contents are the responsibility of SEEP.

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Published by: Health and Market Development Working Group on Sep 23, 2010
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Policy Makers: Donors, Strategic
Planners, and Advocates

The SEEP Network Guidelines for Microenterprise
Development in HIV and AIDS-Impacted Communities:
Supporting Economic Security and Health

BOOK 3
Copyright © 2008 The SEEP Network
This publication of the HIV & AIDS and Microenterprise Development Working Group of The SEEP Network was
made possible with support from USAID through the AMAP Financial Services Knowledge Generation Project.

The contents are the responsibility of The SEEP Network and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID, the U.S.
government, DAI, or any of the individual organizations that participated in the discussions and production of this
publication.

Sections of this publication may be copied or adapted to meet local needs without permission from The SEEP
Network, provided that the parts copied are distributed for free or at cost—not for profit. Please credit The SEEP
Network Guidelines for Microenterprise Development in HIV & AIDS-Impacted Communities: Supporting Economic
Security and Health, Book 3—For Policy Makers: Donors, Strategic Planners, and Advocates and The SEEP
Network for those sections excerpted.

For any commercial reproduction, please obtain permission from
The SEEP Network, 1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 414
Washington, DC 20009

The SEEP Network Guidelines for Microenterprise Development in HIV & AIDS-Impacted Communities: Supporting
Economic Security and Health, Book 3—For Policy Makers: Donors, Strategic Planners, and Advocates
Printed in the United States of America
For additional information or to order additional copies, contact

The SEEP Network
1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 414
Washington, DC 20009-5721
Tel.: 202-884-8581
Fax: 202-884-8479
Email: seep@seepnetwork.org
Web: www.seepnetwork.org

CO N T E N T S

Acknowledgments..................................................................................................................................... iv Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 1 3.1

Why Should Policy Makers—Funders, Strategists and Advocates—Support Integrated
Microenterprise and HIV & AIDS Programming?.................................................................... 6
3.1.1
The Rationale for Integrated Programming—In Brief.............................................................. 6
3.1.2
Reaching the Poor and Eradicating Poverty........................................................................... 7
3.1.3
Macro-economic Impact........................................................................................................ 11
3.1.4
Risk to Microfinance Institutions............................................................................................ 11
3.1.5
Risk to Enterprise Development Programs........................................................................... 12
3.1.6
The Case for Integrated Services.......................................................................................... 13
3.2
What Kind of Microenterprise Development Strategies Work for HIV & AIDS-Impacted
Communities?........................................................................................................................... 15
3.2.1
Specific Challenges Posed by HIV & AIDS and MED Program Implications........................ 15
3.2.2
SEEP MED Model for Poverty Eradication........................................................................... 17
3.2.3
The Limitations of Narrow MED Programming...................................................................... 18
3.2.4
A Proposed Solution.............................................................................................................. 20
3.2.5
Core Principles...................................................................................................................... 21
3.2.6
Specific MED Strategies........................................................................................................ 23
3.3
How Can We Facilitate Cross-Sector Partnerships?............................................................ 27
3.3.1
Guiding Principles................................................................................................................. 27
3.3.2
Structural (Institutional) Challenges and Strategies for Cross-Sector Collaboration............ 32
3.3.3
Technical Challenges and Strategies for Cross-Sector Collaboration.................................. 38
3.3.4
Necessary Expertise for Integrated Programming................................................................ 42
3.4
Where Can I Get Financial Resources for Microenterprise Development In HIV & AIDS
Impacted Communities?.......................................................................................................... 45
3.4.1
Who Are the Largest Funders of HIV & AIDS Programming?.............................................. 45
3.4.2
What Are the Opportunities to Influence the Dialogue, Spending, and Strategies of Major
Funders in HIV & AIDS and Microenterprise Development?................................................ 47
3.4.3
Who Are the Largest Funders of MED?................................................................................ 48
3.4.5
Who Supports Pilot Programs and Learning Initiatives for Integrated Programming?......... 49
Bibliography.............................................................................................................................................. 50

Annex A. HIV & AIDS Terms and Acronyms....................................................................................... 55 Annex B. Glossary of Microenterprise Development Terms.............................................................. 60 Annex C. Frequently Asked Questions................................................................................................ 66 Annex D. Group-Managed Businesses................................................................................................ 71

Figures

How Does AIDS Affect Poor Households…………………………………………………………………….. 8 Impact of Multiple HIV & AIDS-Related Crises on a Household’s Safety Net…………………………. 9 SEEP MED Model for Poverty Eradication…………………………………………………………………… 19 Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation: Grants Paid Summary, 2006………………………………………... 46 Global Fund Allocation, Type of Partner……………………………………………………………………… 46

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