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Textile M.Tech Theis

Textile M.Tech Theis

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Published by Shailendra

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Shailendra on Jul 03, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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1.0 Friction Spinning
1.1 Introduction:
The need to rotate the package at the twist insertion rate coupled with rapidincrease in spinning tension with spinning speed sets a limit to the spindle speedsachievable in ring spinning. Open end spinning methods where open-end of the yarnalone needs to be rotated for imparting twist was therefore, developed to achieve highdelivery rates. Rotor spinning which is one of first methods developed on this principlehas well established itself as an alternate to ring spinning in course count range for certain end uses. Friction spinning represents an alternate open-end spinning method torotor spinning which holds promise of still higher delivery rates
1.1.1 The development and potential:
There has been a tremendous revolution in short staple spinning technologies inthe form of rotor, air-jet and friction spinning systems. Rotor spinning is successful in inthe courser to medium count ranges up to 40s. Air-jet though established but it’s restrictedto synthetic and their blends only in the count range of 15-60s. Friction spinning is slowlytaking its market share in course count ranges up to 20s. In the year of 1977, commercialDref-2 friction spinning machines were put into production. Presently 1,400 machines areoperative in about 50 countries producing about 3,00,000 tones of course count yarnsannually(Gastu.M, Textile Horizon, 1997).Later in 1981 Dref-3 machines wereintroduced to the world market. Besides alternative to conventional yarns, friction-spinning technology is particularly suitable for the production of multi-component andmulti-layered yarns, core yarns and some specialty yarns. The principal advantage of thistechnology is its very high production speeds (Brockmanns, K.J,Textile Month,1984)(Fig. 1.1 &1.2.)along with this ability of forming big packages . Yarn production cost isalso low(Fig.1.3). Theexcellent possibilities of automation, low-end breakage rates, highefficiency and flexibility in the use of raw material are few essential merits of thisspinning process.1
 
Fig. 1.1Fig.1.2(Delivery speeds in different spinning (Production rates in different spinningtechnology) technologies)
A-Ring spinningB-Friction spinning (B
1:
Masterspinner, B
2
: Dref-2 & B
3:
Dref-3)C-Rotor spinning, D-Air-jet spinning (Murata)E-Wrap spinningA-Ring SpinningB-Friction SpinningC-Rotor SpinningD-Air-jet Spinning
Fig. 1.3 Percentage difference in production costs in comparison with ringspinning (assuming 100%)
2
 
2.0 Working Principle:
Frictions spinning technologies works on the principle of open-end or wrap(Fasciated)/core spinning. The general principle of working of friction spinning in itssimplest form can be described as below. 
Fig. 2.1 The principle of friction spinning
As in the diagram (Fig.2.1) separating them from slivers generates a stream of fibres,which is transported through a duct. The fibres are then directed towards the nip of tworotating drums called friction drums .The fibres are collected close to the nip of thesedrums. The friction drums have perforations on it and suction from inside holds the fibreson the surface. There is a long slot inside the friction drums located close to the nip pointalong the length of friction drums and the rest of the area inside the perforated drum has ashield. So, the yarn at the nip of the friction drum is subjected to a radial force generatedas a result of airflow over yarn.
Fig.2.2 Forces acting on the yarn tail and the vector diagram.
This is shown infigure 2.2, This radial force serves as a normal load and frictional forceis generated between the yarn and the surface of friction drum. It can be observed fromthe same figure that at the closest proximity of the friction drums they rotate in oppositedirection and the frictional force thus developed, produces a torque on the yarn tail.Continuous rotation of the drum produces twist in the yarn leading to gradual integration3

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