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A new Half-Bridge Inductive DC–DC Isolated Converters with ZVS topology for Fuel Cell Applications

A new Half-Bridge Inductive DC–DC Isolated Converters with ZVS topology for Fuel Cell Applications

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Published by: esskayn16936 on Sep 24, 2010
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05/12/2014

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A new Half-Bridge Inductive DC–DC IsolatedConverters with ZVS topology for Fuel CellApplications
CONVENTIONAL TOPOLOGY:
The use of the Fuel cell (FC) is nowadays well known as an effectivegenerator using hydrogen that is considered as an interesting energy sourcefor the future. An FC produces continuous energy at the output. However, itsoutput characteristics are not linear and depend on the operating point. It isthus necessary to introduce a power electronics interface between this typeof generator and the load, so as to stabilize the power supply and improve itsefficiency. To ensure the operation in steady state, the interface is composedof a dc–dc converter followed by a dc–ac inverter.
PROPOSED TOPOLOGY:
This project will discuss new dc–dc converters based on the half- bridge inductive converter dedicated to this interface. First, the basictopology is analyzed to introduce the two proposed soft-switching structures:the first one operating in zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) mode and the secondin zero-current-switching (ZCS) mode. Both structures exhibit some
 
advantages. The complete description of operation of each converter, as wellas its operating condition limits, is presented.
ADVANTAGES OF THE PROPOSED CONVERTER:
1. The ZVS converter overcomes the duty cycle limit of theoriginal structure and avoids the effects from the leakageinductor by using it in the resonance circuit.2. The ZCS converter uses the transformer leakage inductor tocreate the resonance circuit, but still cannot operate at dutycycle below 0.5. However, it is suitable for FC applications because its output voltage is relatively high in comparison withthe FC voltage. Moreover, the structure is simple and uses lesscomponents.3. Low losses are incurred in the semiconductors because thecontrolled semiconductors (MOSFET) are used only on the primary side (low voltage side) and diodes are used on the highvoltage side. Soft switching reduces switching losses.

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