— This paper presented the study of the transientphenomena originating from the shunt reactor energizing andde-energizing on the IEEE 14 bus transmission systems. Theseshunt reactor were installed in the load busbar to present thedifferences between solidly grounded and ungrounded banks.The TRV of Shunt Reactor Bank de-energization is worst forungrounded reactor bank. The shunt reactors must be to removeunder full-load conditions to improve the line loadability.Simulations were made using the software program ATP/EMTP.
— Shunt reactor, Transient Recovery voltage(TRV), Switching operations, ATP/EMTP.
nductors and capacitors are used on substation busbars,medium-length and long transmission lines to increase lineloadability and to maintain voltages near rated values. A highvoltage reactor is relatively frequently switched, during theperiods of the system operations with low loads it is energizedand with the rise of load it is de-energized again. Theinductors absorb reactive power and reduce overvoltagesduring light load conditions, also reduce transientovervoltages due to switching and lighting surges [1, 4]. Theshunt reactors can reduce line loadability if they are notremoved under full-load conditions. During the energization,high unsymmetrical currents can occur. At de-energization, atransient recovery voltage occurs in the breaker contacts withconsiderable magnitude .The switching overvoltage can be dangerous for theequipment if their peak value exceeds the rated switchingimpulse withstand voltage of the equipment . It is veryimportant to know the level of dielectric stress that occursduring operation in the system in order to avoid insulationfailures.
Each interruption involves a complex interactionbetween the circuit breaker and the source and the reactor(load side) circuits. This interaction results in overvoltagesdependent on system parameters and characteristics of theload .
This work is the final project of INEL 6077: Surge Phenomena.Ariel Rivera-Colón is with the University of Puerto Rico, MayagüezCampus, P.R. 00680 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)Juan L.Vargas-Figueroa is with the University of Puerto Rico, MayagüezCampus, P.R. 00680 (e-mail: email@example.com)
Overvoltage relays may be used to disconnect the reactorsunder extreme high-voltage conditions . However in thiscase, the associated transmission line must be de-energized atthe same time, otherwise disconnection of the reactors wouldonly further aggravate the overvoltage condition on thesystem.The main objective of this paper is to report some transientphenomena caused by the energization and de-energization of shunt reactors connected on wye grounded and ungrounded ina substation busbar.II.
System under study will be the IEEE 14 bus transmissionsystem presented in Fig. 1.
Fig. 1: IEEE 14 bus transmission system.
For the simulations in our study, the wye connected shuntreactor was grounded as is shown on figure 2, the followingparameters: R= 2 (M
/phase), L= 0.9 (H/phase), r= 5(
/phase) and C= 2.4 (nF/phase).
Transient Analysis of Shunt Reactor Switching(December 2005)
Student Member, IEEE
Juan L. Vargas-Figueroa,
Student Member, IEEE Lionel R. Orama-Exclusa, Member, IEEE