enhance your knowledge about the various conferences that created a basis for the present United
learn the relative successes and massive failures of the League of Nations
contemplate the significance of the League after its demise
Born with the will of the victors of the First World War to avoid a repeat of a devastating war, the Leagueof Nations represents an important milestone in the direction of achieving the age old global communityaspiration of a global body. It was the first significant institution with a clear objective to maintainuniversal peace within the framework of the fundamental principles of the Pact accepted by its Members: todevelop cooperation among nations and to guarantee them peace and security. The League’s goals includeddisarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries throughnegotiation diplomacy and improving global welfare. The diplomatic philosophy behind the Leaguerepresented a fundamental shift in thought from the preceding hundred years. After a number of notablesuccesses and some early failures in the 1920s, the League ultimately proved incapable of preventingaggression by the Axis Powers in the 1930s. The onset of the Second World War suggested that the Leaguehad failed in its primary purpose — to avoid any future world war. In spite of its political failure, the legacyof the League of Nations at the same time appears clearly in a number of principles stated by the Charterand in the competencies and experiences developed in the area of technical cooperation: the majority of thespecialized institutions of the United Nations system can in fact be considered the legacy of the workinitiated by the League of Nations.
3.2 Founding of the League of Nations:
It was during the World War I, numerous groups stared organising to look after the way to maintain peaceand prevent future wars. Initially the effort was confined only to the private initiative which later gotreceived the official support. For example, the League to Enforce Peace founded in 1915 in the UnitedStates (US), former President William Howard Taft as the important leader of this movement. A year later,President Woodrow Wilson addressed a meeting of the League to Enforce Peace, and gradually he came toendorse many of its principles. By January 1917, Wilson, in an address to the US Senate, advocated a“League for Peace” backed by superior collective force.However, the idea of the actual League of Nations appears to have originated with British ForeignSecretary Edward Grey, and it was enthusiastically adopted by Wilson and his advisor Colonel Edward M.House as a means of avoiding bloodshed like that of World War I. In 1918, a little more than a hundredyears after the foundation of the first peace societies in the United States and England (and with the supportof both countries’ Leagues to Enforce Peace), the idea of a “League of Nations” took form with the pledge