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Horse Racing Terms

Horse Racing Terms

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Published by Richart Ruddie
Horse racing Terms
Horse racing Terms

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Published by: Richart Ruddie on Sep 25, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Coopers Pick Horse racing termsAACROSS THE BOARDA bet on a horse to win, place and show. If the horse wins, the player collectsthree ways; if second, two ways; and if third, one way, losing the win and place bets.ACTIONA horse's manner of moving.ADDED MONEYMoney added to the purse of a race by the racing association, breeding, or other fund to the amount paid by owners in nomination, eligibility, entry and startingfees.AGENTA person empowered to transact business of a stable owner or jockey. Also, a person empowered to sell or buy horses for an owner or breeder.ALL OUTWhen a horse extends himself to the utmost.ALLOWANCE RACEA race other than claiming for which the racing secretary drafts certain conditionsto determine weights.ALLOWANCESWeight permitted to be reduced because of the conditions of the race or becausean apprentice is on a horse. Also, a weight females are entitled to when racingagainst males.ALSO-ELIGIBLEA horse officially entered but not permitted to start unless the field is reduced byscratches below a specified number.ALSO-RANA horse who finishes out of the money.APPRENTICERider who has not ridden a certain number of winners within a specified period of time. Also known as a bug boy.APPRENTICE ALLOWANCEWeight concession to an apprentice rider: usually 10 pounds until the fifth winner,seven pounds until the 35th winner and five pounds for one calendar year fromthe 35th winner.BBABY RACEA race for 2 year old horsesBACKSTRETCHStraight of far side of track between turns. Also stable area.BACKSIDEStable areaBAD ACTOR Fractious horse.BAD DOER 
Horse with bad appetite.BALD (or BALD FACE)White face of horse, including eyes, nostrils or part of the latter.BANDAGEStrips of cloth worn around the lower part of a horse's legs for support or  protection.BAR SHOEA horse shoe with a rear bar to protect an injured foot.BAYColor of horse varying from tan (light bay) to brown or dark, rich shade of mahogany (sometimes listed as dark bay or brown) with black points black mane, tail and shadings of black low on the legs.BEARING IN (or OUT)Deviating from a straight course. May be due to weariness, infirmity, punishment by rider or rider's inability to control mount.BELLSignal sounded when starter opens the gates or sometimes to signal close of  bettingBITBar in horse's mouth which is used to guide or control horse.BLACK Body, head muzzle, flanks and legs are covered with uniform black hair.BLACK TYPEDesignation for a stakes winner or stakes-placed horse in sales catalogues.BRACE (or BRACER)Rubdown liniment used on a horse after a race or a workout.BLANKET FINISHTerm used for horses finishing so closely together they could be covered by a blanket.BLAZEWhite patch on face of a horse.BLEEDER A term for a horse who bleeds during or after a workout or race due to ruptured blood vessel.BLIND SWITCHBeing caught in a pocket or such a position behind or between horses that a freecourse cannot be pursued.BLINKERSDevice to limit a horse's vision to prevent swerving or distractionBLISTER Counter-irritant to ease pain or to treat an ailment.BLOOD WORMSParasites that get into the blood stream.BLOWOUTA short, final workout a day or two before a race, designed to sharpen a horse'sspeed.
BOARDTotalisator board on which odds, betting pools and other information is displayed.BOBBLEA bad step away from the starting gate, causing him to duck his head or nearly goto his knees.BOG SPAVINPuffy swelling on the inside and slightly in front of the back, usually caused byoverwork or strain.BOLTSudden veering from a straight course.BOTTOMA horse's stamina. Also, sub-surface of racing strip.BOTTOM LINEThoroughbred's breeding on female side. The bottom half of an extended pedigreediagram.BREAK (A horse)To accustom a young horse to racing equipment and methods, and to carry a rider.BREAKAGEIn pari-mutual payoffs which are rounded out to a nickel or dime, those penniesthat are left over. Breakage is generally split between the track and state and, insome cases, breeding or other funds, in varying proportions.BREAKDOWNWhen a horse suffered an injury; lameness.BREAK MAIDENHorse or rider winning first race of career.BREATHER Restraining a horse for a short distance in a race in order to permit him toconserve or renew his strength.BREEDER Owner of dam at time foal is dropped.BREEDING FUNDA state fund to provide bonus prizes for state breds.BREEZEWorking a horse at a moderate speed; less effort than handily.BRIDGE-JUMPER Someone who makes large show bets on short-priced favorites.BROODMAREFemale Thoroughbred used for breeding.BROWNSometimes difficult to separate from black or dark bay. This color can usually bedistinguished by noting finer tan or brown hairs on the muzzles or flanks.BUCKED SHINSInflammation of front of cannon bone to which young horses are particularlysusceptible.BUGApprentice allowance. Apprentice rider.

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