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Eastern Quoll

Eastern Quoll

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Published by draculavanhelsing
More information on the Eastern Quoll
More information on the Eastern Quoll

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on Sep 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/27/2010

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THREATENED SPECIES INFORMATION
s
Conservation status
The Eastern Quoll is listed as an
Endangered Species
on Schedule 1 of theNew South Wales
Threatened SpeciesConservation Act, 1995
(TSC Act). Thisspecies is also listed as a
Vulnerable Species
on Schedule 1 of the Commonwealth
 Endangered Species Protection Act, 1992
.The Eastern Quoll is possibly extinct on theAustralian mainland (Godsell 1995).
Description
(as summarised by Godsell1995)
 Head and Body Length
320-450 (370)mm (males)280-400 (340)mm (females)
Tail Length
200-280 (240)mm (males170-240 (220)mm (females)
Weight 
900-2000 (1300)g (males)700-1100 (880)g (females)
This slightly built species occurs in twocolour phases (black or fawn), both withwhite-spots. It is distinguishable from thelarger Spotted-tailed Quoll by the absenceof spots on its tail. Individuals with eitherblack or fawn coat colour occur in the samelitter, independent of their sex or the colourof the parents.
Distribution
Historically, the Eastern Quoll was widelydistributed throughout south-easternAustralia, from south-east South Australia,throughout Victoria and Tasmania to easternNSW (Caughley 1980). This speciesexperienced a dramatic decline and is nowconsidered extinct throughout most of itsformer range (Scotts 1992; Godsell 1995).However, it is still relatively common inTasmania.In NSW, Eastern Quoll populations onceoccurred from the mid-north coast to theVictorian border. There have been recentunconfirmed sightings in the Wyong andCessnock districts on the central coast(Godsell 1983) and inland of Kempsey(Scotts 1992), however extensive surveyshave not found any evidence of the speciesand its current distribution in NSW remainsuncertain (Maxwell
et al
. 1996).
Eastern Quoll
 Dasyurus viverrinus
(Shaw, 1800)
Other common name
Eastern Native Cat
Eastern Quoll
 
G Chapman
 
x
NPWS records of the Eastern Quoll in NSW
Recorded occurrences inconservation reserves
Comerong Island NR, Barrington Tops NP,Ku-ring-gai Chase NP, Kosciusko NP(NPWS 1999).
Habitat
The Eastern Quoll utilises a variety of habitats including dry sclerophyll forest,shrub, heathland and agricultural land(Godsell 1995). In Tasmania individualsoccur most commonly where there areecotones between cleared pastures andeucalypt forest (Maxwell
et al
. 1996),reflecting the availability of prey alongforest edges (Scotts 1992).Riparian forests are also frequently used,particularly where a movement path isprovided through cleared landscapes (Scotts1992). The Eastern Quoll requires hollowlogs, rock piles and even haysheds in whichto den (Godsell 1995).
Ecology
The Eastern Quoll is nocturnal, feeding atnight and sheltering in dens by day. Insectsand grubs, small terrestrial mammals andbirds, form much of an individuals diet.However, as an opportunistic carnivore, theymay scavenge on carcasses of large animals(Gilmore and Parnaby 1994). Grasses areoften eaten and berries also form part of thespecies’ diet (Godsell 1995).
LEGEND
Map Compiled From:Species Sightings from the NPWS Atlas of NSW Wildlife DatabasePredicted distribution data from Ayers 1996Roads and Rivers data from AUSLIG
Copyright NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, September 1999
This map is not guaranteed tobe free from error or omissionThe NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service and its employeesdisclaim liability for any act done or omission madeon theinformation in the map and any consequences of such acts or omissions
et al.
 
#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y#Y
rrrrrrrrr
$$$$$$$$$
BegaBourkeBroken HillDubboGraftonGriffithLismoreMoreeNewcastlePort MacquarieSydneyTamworthTibooburraWagga WaggaWollongong
The sightings represented on this map areonly indicative. They cannot be consideredas a comprehensive inventory and maycontain errors and omissions.
50050100Kilometers
NEWS
Eastern Quollpredicted distributionRiversRoads
r
Eastern Quollpre 1980 sightings
$
Eastern Quollpost 1980 sightings
 
THREATENED SPECIES INFORMATION
 
The breeding period is from May to Augustwith females producing up to thirty youngafter 3 weeks gestation (Godsell 1995).However, mortality is high and the first sixyoung to attach themselves to the six teatsof the female are the only survivors (Godsell1995). Young are carried in the pouch forsix to eight weeks, after which they aredeposited in a den or carried on the mother’sback (Scotts 1992). Weaning takes fivemonths after which time the young becomeindependent (Gilmore & Parnaby 1994). Of the young that enter the den, mortality islow, so large numbers of juveniles enter thepopulation around November (Godsell1995). Juveniles disperse over summer,reducing the local population size.Home-ranges are relatively small, withfemales remaining within a few hundredmetres from their den. Males travel largerdistances, but are thought to restrict theirmovements to 1km from the den (Godsell1995). Dens are made in hollow logs,underground burrows or amongst rock piles(Godsell 1995). Males may have numerousdens within their home-range (Godsell1995).
Threats
Loss and degradation of habitat throughclearing of native vegetation andsubsequent development (Caughley1980)
Loss of large hollow logs suitable forden sites (Scotts 1992)
Competition for food and predation byfoxes and cats (Caughley 1980)
Spread of epidemics, such as a parasiticprotozoan, by cats to quolls (Caughley1980)
Historically this species was persecutedby humans
Road mortality (Jones 1993)
Baiting of dingoes results in directpoisoning (Belcher 1998) and changesthe composition of predators, reduceddingo numbers favours foxes whichcompete with quolls (Gilmore & Parnaby1994)
Management
Protection and maintenance of knownor potential habitat, including theimplementation of protection zonesaround recent records (particularlyknown or potential den sites).
Appropriate pest control programswhich are targeted towards reducing foxand feral cat numbers without affectingnative species.
Alteration of prescribed fires andgrazing regimes to ensure theenhancement and maintenance of known or potential habitats and thereduction of habitat fragmentation.
Recovery plans
A recovery plan has not been prepared forthis species.

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