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Term Paper Tech Change

Term Paper Tech Change

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Published by reagan_rl03

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Published by: reagan_rl03 on Sep 26, 2010
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11/01/2011

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TERM PAPER ON TECHNOLOGICALCHANGE
 MT 502
Submitted by: Mari Joy AlmazanVeronica
 
Reagan Libed 
Introduction:
Historically, transportation has been a technology intensive industry, and over theyears advances in science and technology have produced numerousimprovements in transportation systems. In the last several decades, newtechnologies have been applied to the management of such diverse problems astraffic congestion, air pollution, fuel use, and accident risk, both for passenger and freight transport. As a result, users have benefited from:1.Decreased travel cost2.Increased or stable travel and transport speeds, despite large growthtransport volumes.3.low cost same-day, next day, and just – in-time deliveries4.Safety, security, and reliability improvements5.More comfort and convenience6.Higher energy efficiencies(though much of this gain has been absorbed inproducing bigger and more elaborately equipped vehicles rather than fuelused reduction)7.Declining environmental impact, especially in the form of air pollution andnoise emissions
 
8.Increased capacities per vehicle.In the face of substantial growth and change over the next two decades, thechallenge will be continue to deliver the benefits of a well managed transportsystem. Technological innovations will certainly be integral to this effort.Continuing research and development in materials and processes and incomputers, telecommunications, and operation now offer dramatically expandedpossibilities for efficiently moving people, goods, and ideas. At the same time,technological changes may be altering travel patterns, travel behavior, and travelchoices in ways that are not completely understood at present, so part of thepolicy challenge will be to continue to monitor emerging patterns of growth andchange.This paper addresses several key technological changes that could haveimportant impacts on the transportation systems of the United States. The paper does not attempt to be exhausted- that would be book-length treatment of thesubject. Rather, the paper addresses several key technological changes thatcould alter needs and option and thus should be considered in planning thetransportation systems of the next two decades. The technologies consideredhere are:
1.
Telecommunications and Information Technologies(IT)- mobile phones,the Internet, and their travel effects
2.
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)- smarter vehicles, highways, andmonitoring systems

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