Michael Faraday BritishPhysicist and Chemist(1791
Faraday is oftenregarded as the greatestexperimental scientist of the1800s. His many contributionsto the study of electricityinclude the invention of theelectric motor, electricgenerator, and transformer, aswell as the discovery ofelectromagnetic induction andthe laws of electrolysis. Greatlyinfluenced by religion, herefused to work on thedevelopment of poison gas forthe British military.
(By kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal Society)