172WCDMA to utilize several cell layers and carriers.This chapter is organized as follows. WCDMA specification structure is given inSection 6.2. Protocol structure and logical and transport channels are described inSection 6.3. Physical channels, spreading, multirate schemes (variable data rates),packet data, and handover are discussed in Sections 6.4
6.8. Section 6.9 describes thefuture evolution of the WCDMA covering release 2000 standards and beyond.
6.2 WCDMA SPECIFICATIONS
The air interface description in the following is based on the 3GPP wideband CDMAspecifications as listed in Table 6.2. The physical layer is specified in TS25 series of 3GPP specifications.
Parameters of WCDMAChannel bandwidth 5 MHzDuplex mode FDD and TDDDownlink RF channel structure Direct spreadChip rate 3.84 MbpsFrame length 10 msSpreading modulation Balanced QPSK (downlink)Dual-channel QPSK(uplink)Complex spreading circuitData modulation QPSK (downlink)BPSK (uplink)Channel coding Convolutional and turbo codesCoherent detection User dedicated time multiplexed pilot (downlink and uplink), common pilot in the downlink Channel multiplexing in downlink Data and control channels time multiplexedChannel multiplexing in uplink Control and pilot channel time multiplexedI&Q multiplexing for data and control channelMultirate Variable spreading and multicodeSpreading factors 4–256 (uplink), 4–512 (uplink)Power control Open and fast closed loop (1.6 kHz)Spreading (downlink) OVSF sequences for channel separationGold sequences 2
-1 for cell and user separation(truncated cycle 10 ms)Spreading (uplink) OVSF sequences, Gold sequence 2
for userseparation (different time shifts in I and Q channel,truncated cycle 10 ms)Handover Soft handoverInterfrequency handover