Human Resources Planning
Human resources planning (HRP) is the process of anticipating and making provision for themovement of people into, within, and out of an organization. Its purpose is to deploy theseresources as effectively as possible,
they are needed, in order to accomplish theorganization's goals.
Human resources planning (HRP)The process of anticipating and makingprovision for the movement of peopleinto, within, and out of an organization
Other more specific purposes of HRP include anticipating labor shortages and surpluses; providing more employment opportunities for women, minorities, and the disabled; and mappingout employee training programs. In fact, HRP provides a launching point for most all of theactivities that are subsumed under HRM.
Importance of Human Resources Planning
Consider these facts:
The U.S. labor force will grow by only about 1 percent each year between 1986 and 2005.
Between 80 and 90 percent of the new labor force entrants will be minorities and women.
Immigrants will account for more than 23 percent of the change in the labor-forcecomposition over the period from 1986 to 2000.
The average age of the workforce will be 39 by the year 2000.
The five occupations expected to experience faster-than-average growth are technicians,service workers, professionals, sales representatives, and executive and managerialemployees. These occupations require the highest education and skill levels.
Nearly one-third of the workforce is composed of part-timers, temporary workers, and theself-employed.
2.5 million functionally illiterate Americans enter the workforce yearly.These dramatic shifts in the composition of the U.S. labor force require that managers become more involved in HRP. The employment market in non-U.S. developed countries isequally as challenging except that the demographics are a little different. Each of these changesaffects employee recruitment while requiring additional HRP in the areas of employee selection,training, compensation, and motivation.Although planning has always been an essential process of management, increased emphasison HRP provides the foundation for establishing an effective HRM program and for coordinatingthe HRM functions being performed within it. HRP becomes especially critical when organiza-tions consider mergers, the relocation of plants, downsizing, or the closing of operating facilities.