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History of Human Population Growth from 8000 B.C. to 2100

History of Human Population Growth from 8000 B.C. to 2100

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Published by TheWecskaopProject
An outline of the major milestones of human population growth over the past ten millennia, with U.N. projections of TEN or even 15.8 BILLIONS by the close of this century.
An outline of the major milestones of human population growth over the past ten millennia, with U.N. projections of TEN or even 15.8 BILLIONS by the close of this century.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: TheWecskaopProject on Sep 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs

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09/12/2013

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History o
8000 BC to 2100 AD
HumanPopulation rowth
 
Demographically speaking,
billion
in 1930, we will reac
one human lifetime
), with s2041, and with new U.N. mLet us begin by visiting an efind ourselves in the year 8forebears are experimentingAt this time, human populathave to be exact about the ymillion people inhabited outhe size of many of our largeWe now jump forward in tiin the Mediterranean basinnumbers climb to about250Europe alone in the modern
N THE HISTORY OF OUR SPECIES
where are we now? Beginning with a worldwih
seven billion
by late in 2011 (
FIVE
additiona
till MORE billions (numbers eight and nine)dium-fertility projections carrying us toward TEWhat milestones have point, this cusp of histor 
humanitarian civilizatmental
implications
of continuing numbers?Along with our enormo bers, of course, there h ponding physical damagon the earth’s
BIOSPHE
well as our consumptionwide storm of industrialIn this article we trace tin the demographic jour has traveled over the pas we survey our demogsee that: (a) For most of tion was
QUITE SMALL
numbers; (b) That our n
sharply upward
in the 1(c)
Most of our populati place explosively in thenow living.
8000
B.C.
arly sunrise of civilization. If we travel back te,000
B.C.
Here and there are scattered small sewith a new way of life called agriculture.ion worldwide amounts to perhaps
FIVE MILLIO
ar or the number. It is enough to understand th planet sometime around 8000
B.C.
This is appcities today.
One
A.D.
e. Thousands upon thousands of years go by ain the year one
A.D.
Sometime around this p
MILLION
. This number is smaller than the popworld.e population of 
two
billions in less than
n-track to arrive by billion by 2100. brought us to this
 
y? And what are the
ional
and 
environ
-
these enormous andus increase in num-as been the corres-e that we inflict up-
IC MACHINERY
, asand an utter world-nd societal wastes.he major milestonesney that our speciest 10,000 years. Andraphic past, we willhistory, our popula-compared to today'smbers began to soar 800s, and,
n growth has takenlifetimes of persons
thousand years, wettlements where our  persons. We don'tt approximately fiveroximately one-thirdd we find ourselvesriod our worldwidelation of the U.S. or 
 
1650
As we board our time machine for the next section of our journey, we will travel forward to theyear 1650. As the centuries peel away, we see the fall of Rome followed by the Middle Ages withtheir castles and plagues. We also see the splendor of the Renaissance and the great voyages of Magellan and Columbus. Finally we arrive in 1650, and find ourselves in the times of pirates andSpanish treasure fleets. The world is still largely wilderness, but human population now reachesa new historic high – we now number approximately500
MILLION
. It has been 1650 years sinceour last stop, but in the intervening centuries, our numbers have doubled from 250 million to 500million. (Notice the “
doubling time”
that characterized our species during this period, when weneeded nearly 1,700 years to double our population.)
1830 – 
O
 NE
B
ILLION
Our next leap brings us forward to 1830. This is a striking milestone because, for the first timeever, world population amounts to approximatelyO
 NE BILLION
human beings. By this time, of course, founders of the United States such as Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and Benja-min Franklin are all dead, and the United States is waging war against the Seminole Indians of Florida. At this pause in our journey, however, we notice that our numbers have once againdoubled. This time, however, our doubling has taken place
in less than two hundred years
.
(* Interpolated from U.S. Census Bureau and U.N. Population data.)
1930 – 
T
WO
B
ILLION
On this stop we find ourselves in the year 1930 and our numbers rush past still another criticalmilestone. Here we are and the roaring twenties have ended, the stock market has crashed, andfamilies everywhere are battling to make ends meet during the Great Depression. World War IIand the music of Glenn Miller are only a decade away, and baseball games and radio broadcastsare the social threads that tie Americans together. And in this year, we find ourselves in a worldthat is home to approximatelyT
WO
B
ILLION
people.
Many persons still living today were alive towitness the year when we first reached this unprecedented level.
D
RAMATIC
C
HANGES
We need to make another observation involving 1930: Even though it took all of human historyuntil 1830 for us to reach our first billion we have just added our SECOND billion
in only onehundred years.
Something of utmost importance is happening:
A species whose population had taken millennia to reach one billionhas taken only one hundred yearsto add a second billion
.
 Something about our journey has changed 
, and our rate of population growth has begunto accelerate. And this time, our doubling time has fallen to only one hundred years.What has happened to cause this? Did families suddenly begin to have larger and larger numbersof children? No. The great demographic acceleration that began in the 1830s resulted from: (a)
advances in agriculture
, (b)
the industrial revolution
,and most importantly, (c)
from advances inmedicine
.

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