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1505 Earthquake in India

1505 Earthquake in India

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Published by Sujit Dasgupta
There was a great earthquake felt throughout northern India from Agra in the east to Kabul in the west. It could be a single earthquake with epicentre somewhere in between; or two separate events, one in Afghanistan and another in India. The earthquake was reported to occur on 6th of July 1505 both from Kabul and Agra. Placed are some historical account on this earthquake.
There was a great earthquake felt throughout northern India from Agra in the east to Kabul in the west. It could be a single earthquake with epicentre somewhere in between; or two separate events, one in Afghanistan and another in India. The earthquake was reported to occur on 6th of July 1505 both from Kabul and Agra. Placed are some historical account on this earthquake.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Sujit Dasgupta on Sep 26, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/16/2011

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Page 169-170I
N
the month of Moharrem [The Muhammedan year 911, began on 4th June 1505] mymother, Kutluk-Nigar Khanum, was seized with the Death of pustulous eruption………she expired, after six days' illness, on a Saturday, and was received into the mercy of God.
 
At this period there was such an earthquake that many ramparts of fortresses, thesummits of some hills, and many houses, both in the towns and villages, were violentlyshaken and levelled with the ground. Numbers of persons lost their lives by their housesand terraces falling on them. The whole houses of the village of Pemghan [south or southwest from Kabul] fell down, and seventy or eighty respectable householders wereburied under the ruins. Between Pemgharj and Bektob, a piece of ground, about astone's throw in breadth, separated itself, and descended for the length of a bow-shot;and springs burst out and formed a well in the place that it had occupied. FromIsterghach [as north from Kabul] to the plain, being a distance of about six or sevenfarsangs [twenty four or twenty eight miles] the whole space was so rent and fractured,that in some places the ground was elevated to the height of an elephant above its oldlevel, and in other places as much depressed; and in many places it was so split that aperson might have hid himself in the gaps. During the time of the earthquake, a greatcloud of dust rose from the tops of the mountains. Nur-alla, the lutanist, happened to beplaying before me on the mandolin, and had also another instrument with him; heinstantly caught up both the instruments in his hands, but had so little command of himself, that they knocked against each other. Jehangir Mirza was at Tibah, in the upper veranda of a palace built by Ulugh Beg Mirza. The moment the earth began to quake,he threw himself down, and escaped without injury. One of his domestics was in thesame story, when the terrace of this upper floor fell on him. God preserved him, and hedid not sustain the slightest harm. Many rising-grounds were levelled. That same daythere were thirty-three shocks; and for the space of a month, the earth shook two or three times every day and night. The Begs and soldiers had orders to repair the rentsand breaches in the walls and fortifications of the fortress. By great diligence andexertions, in twenty days or a month, all the parts of the walls that had been damagedor thrown down were repaired and rebuilt.My expedition against Kandahar had been delayed by my sickness and theearthquake; but as soon as I had regained my health, and restored the defences of thefortress……..
 
Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 12, Part 2, 1843
Memoirs on Indian Earthquakes/ No 144Page 1040The earliest notice of an Earthquake in the valley of Cabool which I have found, is of that which occurred in the
year 1505
, during the reign of the Emperor Baber. Lieut.Burnes, (the late Sir Alexander Burnes,) thus alludes to this event in a paper on theReg-Rewan, a singular phenomenon of sound near Cabool, published in vol. VII, Jour.As. Soc. p. 325, " Convulsions of nature are, however, exceedingly common in this partof the world. Baber mentions one to have occurred in his time, and in this very plain, sothat "in some places the ground was elevated to the height of an elephant above its oldlevel, and in others as much depressed." The same event is thus adverted to in Daw'stranslation of Ferishta's History of Hindoostan. "In
 
the year 911 H. (A. D. 1505,)Cabulistan was thrown into great consternation by dreadful Earthquakes, which laidmost of the cities in rains. Baber endeavoured to alleviate this public calamity in such amanner that by his unwearied care, and extensive benevolence, he gained the love andfidelity of all his new subjects."The Earthquake of 
1505
must have been one of great violence, judging from thealterations of the levels of the ground mentioned by Baber, and the extensivedestruction of the cities alluded to by Ferishta. Perhaps in both some allowance must bemade for oriental exaggeration, but Baber was so remarkable for his minuteobservations on all natural phenomena which interested him, that less allowance iscalled for in his case, than in others. From its effects the shock appears to have beenfelt over nearly the whole of Afghanistan, and the parts which suffered so severely wereprobably Cabool, Candahar, Ghuzni, and Jellalabad, with others of less note.Page 1056It is only to the Northern portion of the Aravulli range, extending from the latitude of Agrato that of Delhi, that Earthquakes can yet be traced. The earliest of which I havediscovered any notice is that of the
15th July 
1505
, experienced
at Agra
, and recordedin Dow's Ferishta, (Vol. II, p. 75). With indications of oriental exaggeration it is therestated, that "the mountains shook on their broad bases, and every lofty building waslevelled with the ground, some thousands being buried in the ruins." Making dueallowance for the tendencies of native historians in general, and of Ferishta in particular,this shock still appears to have been a severe one, and it is remarkable, that it wasduring this same year that the Earthquaking forces were so fatally active throughoutAfghanistan, as described in a former page.

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