Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 12, Part 2, 1843
Memoirs on Indian Earthquakes/ No 144Page 1040The earliest notice of an Earthquake in the valley of Cabool which I have found, is of that which occurred in the
, during the reign of the Emperor Baber. Lieut.Burnes, (the late Sir Alexander Burnes,) thus alludes to this event in a paper on theReg-Rewan, a singular phenomenon of sound near Cabool, published in vol. VII, Jour.As. Soc. p. 325, " Convulsions of nature are, however, exceedingly common in this partof the world. Baber mentions one to have occurred in his time, and in this very plain, sothat "in some places the ground was elevated to the height of an elephant above its oldlevel, and in others as much depressed." The same event is thus adverted to in Daw'stranslation of Ferishta's History of Hindoostan. "In
the year 911 H. (A. D. 1505,)Cabulistan was thrown into great consternation by dreadful Earthquakes, which laidmost of the cities in rains. Baber endeavoured to alleviate this public calamity in such amanner that by his unwearied care, and extensive benevolence, he gained the love andfidelity of all his new subjects."The Earthquake of
must have been one of great violence, judging from thealterations of the levels of the ground mentioned by Baber, and the extensivedestruction of the cities alluded to by Ferishta. Perhaps in both some allowance must bemade for oriental exaggeration, but Baber was so remarkable for his minuteobservations on all natural phenomena which interested him, that less allowance iscalled for in his case, than in others. From its effects the shock appears to have beenfelt over nearly the whole of Afghanistan, and the parts which suffered so severely wereprobably Cabool, Candahar, Ghuzni, and Jellalabad, with others of less note.Page 1056It is only to the Northern portion of the Aravulli range, extending from the latitude of Agrato that of Delhi, that Earthquakes can yet be traced. The earliest of which I havediscovered any notice is that of the
, and recordedin Dow's Ferishta, (Vol. II, p. 75). With indications of oriental exaggeration it is therestated, that "the mountains shook on their broad bases, and every lofty building waslevelled with the ground, some thousands being buried in the ruins." Making dueallowance for the tendencies of native historians in general, and of Ferishta in particular,this shock still appears to have been a severe one, and it is remarkable, that it wasduring this same year that the Earthquaking forces were so fatally active throughoutAfghanistan, as described in a former page.