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WE Beams Sep07

WE Beams Sep07

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Published by: horiamihnea on Sep 27, 2010
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02/01/2013

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Worked Examples for Eurocode 2Draft Version
All advice or information from The Concrete Centre is intended for those who will evaluatethe significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use andapplication.No liability (including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice orinformation is accepted by the Concrete Centre or their subcontractors, suppliers oradvisors.Readers should note that this is a draft version of a document and will be subject torevision from time to time and should therefore ensure that they are in possession of thelatest version.
 
WE 4 Beams v7c 17 Sep 07.doc 17-Sep-07 Page 2 of 33
4 Beams
4.1 General
The calculations in this Section are presented in the following parts:4.2
 
A simply supported continuous beam showing what might be deemed typical handcalculations.4.3
 
A heavily loaded L-beam.4.4
 
A wide T-beam. This example is analysed and designed strictly in accordance with theprovisions of BS EN 1992–1–1.They are intended to be illustrative of the Code and not necessarily best practice.A general the method of designing slabs is shown below:1. Determine design life. <BS EN 1990 & NA TableNA.2.1>2. Assess actions on the beam. <BS EN 1991 & NAs>3. Assess durability requirements and determine concrete strength. <Table 4.1><BS 8500-1: Tables A4, A5>4. Check cover requirements for appropriate fire resistance period. <BS EN 1992–1–2: Tables 5.8,5.9, 5.10, 5.11>5. Calculate minimum cover for durability, fire and bond requirements. <4.4.1>6. Determine which combinations of actions apply. <BS EN 1990 & NA TablesNA.A1.1 and NA.A1.2 (B)>7. Determine loading arrangements. <5.1.3(1) & NA>8. Analyse structure to obtain critical moments and shear forces. <5.4, 5.5, 5.6>9. Design flexural reinforcement. <6.1>10. Check deflection. <7.4>11. Check shear capacity. <6.2>12. Other design checks:Check minimum reinforcement.Check cracking (size or spacing of bars).Check effects of partial fixity.Check secondary reinforcement.<9.3.1.1(1), 9.2.1.1(1)><7.3, Tables 7.2N, 7.3N><9.3.1.2(2)><9.3.1.1(2), 9.3.1.4(1)>13. Check curtailment. <9.3.1.1(4), 9.2.1.3, Fig. 9.2>14. Check anchorage. <9.3.1.2, 8.4.4, 9.3.1.1(4),9.2.1.5(1), 9.2.1.5(2)>15. Check laps. <8.7.3>
4.2 Continuous beam on pin supports
This calculation is intended to show a typical hand calculation for a continuous simplysupported beam using coefficients to determine moments and shears.A 450 mm deep
×
300 mm wide rectangular beam is required to support office loads of 
 g
k
=30.2 kN / m and
k
= 11.5 kN / m over 2 no. 6 m spans.
 f 
ck
= 30 MPa,
 f 
yk
= 500 MPa. Assume300 mm wide supports, a 50-year design life and a requirement for a 2-hour resistance tofire in an external but sheltered environment.
 
WE 4 Beams v7c 17 Sep 07.doc 17-Sep-07 Page 3 of 33
Figure 4.1Continuous rectangular beamFigure 4.2Section through beam
4.2.1 Actions
kN / m
 
Permanent 
 
g
k
 
= 30.2
Variable 
 
q
k
 
= 11.5
4.2.2 Cover
Nominal cover,
 
c
nom
 
c
nom
=
c
min
+
Δ
c
dev
 
 
<Exp. 4.1>where
c
min
= max[
c
min,b
;
c
min,dur
]where
c
min,b
= minimum cover due to bond= diameter of bar.Assume 25 mm main bars<4.4.1.2(3)>
c
min,dur
= minimum cover due to environmental conditions.Assuming XC3 (moderate humidity or cyclic wet anddry) and secondarily XF1 (moderate water saturationwithout de-icing salt) using C30/37 concrete ,
c
min,dur
= 25 mm<Table 4.1 BS 8500-1Table A4, How to xxxx
[20]
>
Δ
c
dev
= allowance in design for deviation. Assuming nomeasurement of cover
Δ
c
dev
= 10 mm<4.4.1.2(3)>
 
c
nom
= 25 + 10 = 35 mm
Fire:
Check adequacy of section for 2 hours fire resistance (i.e.
R
= 120)For
min
= 300 mm, minimum axis distance,
a
= 35 mm
OK<BS EN 1992-1-2, 5.6.3(1),Table 5.6>
c
nom
= 35 mm

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