The increasing concerns over carbon emission and usage of toxic material in incandescent lamps are leading the way to highly energy efficient and environmentfriendly LED lamps to replace incandescent and CFL. LED lights have been replacing theirpredecessors in the US and Europe since 1990s.
The performance benefits of the LED scenario are striking. Highlights include:1.
ower power consumption (67W) -
slashing energy use by 52% over Mercury Vapour(138W) and 26% over a high pressure sodium fixture (90W).2.
igher efficacy (50 lm/W) -
far exceeding mercury vapours 31 lm/W and againcontributing to energy savings.3.
ore lux per watt (0.21)
more than double that of a mercury vapour street lamp.4.
ore even light distribution (0.40)
than either of the other alternatives, as indicated bythe ratio between the minimum and average lux produced in the target zone. The LEDscenario was the only one of the three to match the European street lighting guidelineson this uniformity measure because of its ability to precisely direct light.5.
onger lifetime (60,000 hours)
translates into a 10- to 15-year life expectancy,depending on the duration of darkness in the specific geographic location. In contrast,conventional street lamps burn out after three to five years, incurring higher manpowerand related maintenance costs for bulb replacement.The use of LEDs for solid-state street lamps also provides a variety of sustainability benefits thatfacilitate compliance with green initiatives. Among them:1.
yields energy savings of 20% to 50% over highpressure sodium and mercury vapour street luminaires at todays levels, as indicatedearlier. This energy efficiency is expected to increase with on-going advances in solidstate technology.2.
s ability to minimize wasted light
lowers power demands even further byreducing the Lumen requirements for a given street fixture. Since light distributioncan be controlled on an LED by-LED basis, engineers can effectively light the targetzone without the light pollution created by a single-beam solution.