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LED Lights (1)

LED Lights (1)

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Published by Mayank Dubey

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Published by: Mayank Dubey on Sep 27, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/27/2010

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Background:
The increasing concerns over carbon emission and usage of toxic material in incandescent lamps are leading the way to highly energy efficient and environmentfriendly LED lamps to replace incandescent and CFL. LED lights have been replacing theirpredecessors in the US and Europe since 1990s.
Technical justification:
The performance benefits of the LED scenario are striking. Highlights include:1.
 
L
ower power consumption (67W) -
slashing energy use by 52% over Mercury Vapour(138W) and 26% over a high pressure sodium fixture (90W).2.
 
H
igher efficacy (50 lm/W) -
far exceeding mercury vapours 31 lm/W and againcontributing to energy savings.3.
 
M
ore lux per watt (0.21)
 
more than double that of a mercury vapour street lamp.4.
 
M
ore even light distribution (0.40)
than either of the other alternatives, as indicated bythe ratio between the minimum and average lux produced in the target zone. The LEDscenario was the only one of the three to match the European street lighting guidelineson this uniformity measure because of its ability to precisely direct light.5.
 
L
onger lifetime (60,000 hours) 
translates into a 10- to 15-year life expectancy,depending on the duration of darkness in the specific geographic location. In contrast,conventional street lamps burn out after three to five years, incurring higher manpowerand related maintenance costs for bulb replacement.The use of LEDs for solid-state street lamps also provides a variety of sustainability benefits thatfacilitate compliance with green initiatives. Among them:1.
 
L
ow
LED
power consumption
yields energy savings of 20% to 50% over highpressure sodium and mercury vapour street luminaires at todays levels, as indicatedearlier. This energy efficiency is expected to increase with on-going advances in solidstate technology.2.
 
LED
s ability to minimize wasted light
lowers power demands even further byreducing the Lumen requirements for a given street fixture. Since light distributioncan be controlled on an LED by-LED basis, engineers can effectively light the targetzone without the light pollution created by a single-beam solution.
 
3.
 
M
ercury-free
LED
construction
makes solid state street lamps safe for landfills whilealso complying with mercury bans such as the European Unions RoHS directive.4.
 
L
ong
LED
life
lengthens replacement cycles and associated fuel usage bymaintenance crews, while also extending fixture life and thereby reducing theburden on the waste stream.
5.
 
LED
street lights reduce pollution and carbon footprint
via energy savings thatlowers carbon dioxide and mercury emissions from coal-burning plants, as well asreduced fuel consumption by maintenance crews dispatched for bulb replacement
.
Commercial Justification: 
E
xistinglightActualpowerconsumption
L
ife Totalcost of owningin 5 years
LED
 replacementTotalcost of owningin 5 yearsPaybackperiod100 Wbulb 
100 1000 15880 6W 1644 84
Tube40W
52 7000 8715 16W 4834 431
20W CF
L
 
24 8000 4379 8W 2252 414
50W CF
L
 
60 8000 11265 20W 5430 389
250Wstreetlight
280 12000 47895 65W 20310 235

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