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First records of mushroom species for Bulgaria

First records of mushroom species for Bulgaria

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Published by Boris Assyov
During field studies two interesting species were recorded for the first time from Bulgaria, namely Pluteus aurantiorugosus and Suillus lakei, an allien species, associated with Pseudotsuga menziesii. Another unrecorded in this country bolete, Boletus cisalpinus, was recognized on previously misidentified specimen. Descriptions of both species are provided upon the Bulgarian materials.
During field studies two interesting species were recorded for the first time from Bulgaria, namely Pluteus aurantiorugosus and Suillus lakei, an allien species, associated with Pseudotsuga menziesii. Another unrecorded in this country bolete, Boletus cisalpinus, was recognized on previously misidentified specimen. Descriptions of both species are provided upon the Bulgarian materials.

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Published by: Boris Assyov on Sep 27, 2010
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127*C : -: @..
MYCOLOGIA BALCANICA 3: 127–130 (2006)
First records of mushroom species for Bulgaria 
Boris Assyov *, Georgi Stoichev & Rossen Vassilev 
I  B, B A  S, 23 A. G. B S., 1113 Sfi, B D  B, A U, 12 M S., 4000 P, BB B F, 75 S G S., 1303 Sfi, B
R 2 J 2006 / A 25 A 2005
 Abstract.
D fi  w   w    fi   B,  
Pluteus aurantiorugosus 
(  w  B M    w G) 
Suillus lakei,
 ,  w
Pseudotsuga menziesii 
  w   S P M
.
A    ,
Boletus cisalpinus,
w z   fi    BBk S . D        B .
Key words:
B,
Boletus, Pluteus, Suillus, Xerocomus 
Introduction
D     w     B B,   N A -  
Suillus 
w    ,  
S. lakei.
T         B (A  D 2004). T fi   ,  w  fi B   
Pluteus aurantiorugosus 

Boletus cisalpinus.
Materials and Methods
 A       M C  I  B, B A  S(SOMF). E    w      . I     fi,    K  W (1978)     . M      w. M   w   w : (–)  (–x). S (V)       V=4/3π.(1/2Sw).1/2S; S –  , Sw –  w,         (B Käz 1991). I  w   Mz’ (Kk 
et al.
2001)   .
New records
Boletus cisalpinus 
(S, L  P) W H, Kw B.
59
(1): 169, 2004.
 – 
 
 Xerocomus cisalpinus 
 S, L  P, M. R.
107
(6): 664,2003. (F. 1)
Basidiomata 
-z,   x -. P   k.
Basidiospores
 (10–) 11.8 (–13.5) × (4–) 4.5 (–5) μ,  (2.3–) 2.6(–3),   (86–) 123 (–180) μ, w 1-2  ,     ,  SEMfi  .
Basidia 
4-, (23.5–)26.3 (–29) μ.
Pileipellis
 ,   ,  w  x  ,x , fi , (27–) 41.2 (–51) ×(11–) 14.3 (–21) μ.
Context
w  k-w‘-’ .H –   .
Specimen examined:
S Bk S : Ak    w  Pk (B .),    , 17 S 1978,. G. S (
 Xerocomus chrysenteron
(B. x S.-A) Qé.), .B. A (14 273).D  E: B, G B,  I (L S 2003; W  H 2004).
 Annotation.
E        
Boletus chrysenteron
-x    
 
   P   R   O  O   F
128
 assyov, b., stoichev, g. & vassilev, r. — first records of mushroom species for bulgaria 
Fig. 1.
B  
Boletus cisalpinus.
S  = 2 μ.
Fig. 2.
B  
Pluteus aurantiorugosus in situ.
Fig. 3.
B-  
Suillus lakei in situ.
Fig. 4.
M   
Pluteus aurantiorugosus:
 
– ,
b
– ,
c
– -,
d
– . S  = 5 μ. (), 10 μ. (, ), 20 μ ().
 
Fig. 5.
M -  
Suillus lakei:
 
– ,
b
– ,
c
– ,
d
– . S  = 10 μ.
 
1324 5
 
   P   R   O  O   F
mycologia balcanica  ()
129,   k     fi  . S     , w     . M    q  w  x,  k fi ffi   SEM  w q   .F   . T w    L  S (2004). D        P
et al.
(2003)  W  H (2005). P 3.5-8  , , --w w    w,  -w-, w fl- k x    k. S 4.5-8 × 0.4-0.9,   w    ,  ww   w;   fl fi.     fi  w,   w,  w . F  w  ,  w  w w     , w      , wx  .
Pluteus aurantiorugosus 
() S., Hw
35
(7): 5,1896.
 – 
 
 Agaricus aurantiorugosus 
, M. N. G.B
32
: 388, 1857.
 – 
 
Pluteus leoninus 
.
coccineus 
M,B. F. F.
2
: 291, 1893.
 – 
 
Pluteus coccineus 
(M) J.E.L, F. A D
2
: 88, 1937. (F 2, 4)
Pileus
  4   ,  fi , x, fi ,  ,  , k ,  ,    , ,  ,    (5A7-8, 6A-B5-8, 7A7-8).
Stipe
  4 × 0.5 , fi,  w,  w   w (1A-B3-4),  w w   .
Flesh
w   , w   .
Gills
,  w,   k  .
Sporeprint
k.
Spores
  , (5–) 5.4 (–5.5) × (4–)4.2 (–4.5) μ,  (1.2–) 1.3 (–1.4),   (42–) 51(–61) μ.
Basidia 
4-, (17–) 20.5 (–26.5) × (5.5–) 6.1(–6.5) μ.
Cystidia 
, (27–) 39.4 (–55.5) × (16–)23.6 (–31) μ.
Pileipellis
   ,   , (27–) 35.1 (–48) × (21.5–) 30.5 (–40.5)μ,  (1–) 1.2 (–1.5).
Microchemical reactions:
 w Mz’       .H –      .
Specimen examined:
B M:     B  k   w,     
Castanea sativa
M., 41°36
N,23°18
E, .
ca
720 , 30 S 2003, . B. A  H. Pk, .B. A (25 443).D  E: A, B, B, B, Czk, Dk, F, G, G B, H,H, P, R, S, S, Sw,  k (C D 1995).
 Annotation.
O    w     Pz (1992)  Cé  E(1998).
Suillus lakei 
(M) A. H. S  T, C.M. N A. S
,
. 34, 1964.
 – 
 
Boletus lakei 
 M, M
4
: 97, 1912.
 – 
 
Ixocomus lakei 
(M)S, R. M.
5
: 6, 1940.
 – 
 
Boletinus lakei 
(M)S, Fw
2
: 257, 1945.
 – 
 
Boletinus tridentinus 
.
landkammeri 
Pá  Sčk, A M. N. P
5B
:1, 1949.
 – 
 
Ixocomus tridentinus 
.
landkammeri 
(Pá Sčk) Pá, K, . 56, 1951.
 – 
 
Boletinus lakei 
.
landkammeri 
(Pá  Sčk) Pá  Dk, H. H,. 49, 1974.
 – 
 
Boletinus landkammeri 
(Pá  Sčk)B, D. M.,
16
: 66, 1986.
 – 
 
Suillus lakei 
.
landkammeri 
(Pá  Sčk) E  K, S- Fzö, . 52, 1996. (F 3, 5)
Pileus
  15  ,  fi ,  x,fl-x   fl,       w w, ; k fl ,  ,  w,  k,  ,   (6B3, 7B3, 8A-B2-3);  w,  w, z,  w,  w, , k , S,  w, x , E, M,  w (6E4-6, 7D-E5-7, 8D-E5-8);  , , w    .
Stipe
  9 × 2 , ,   -,    w w fi ;     w w,  w,  w, w,  w,  w,  w, w,w w, wx w,  w (1A2-8, 2A2-5, 3A-B4-6), w    w,  w k ,  fl  w,  w,  w, ,  , fl ,  , w ,-,    w (2-3A3-4, 5C4-5, 5D5-6, 6A-B2-3, 6C3-4, 7B2);   w.
Flesh
w w   ,  w   , w w    ,   w x  ,    (   )      (   ).
Tubes
 1  , , w  w ,  w,  w j.
Pores
,  5  w,  w  , k w.
Smell
 .
Taste
  w  .
Basidiospores
(9–) 9.7-10.5 (–12) × (3.5–) 3.9-4 (–5) μ, (2.2–) 2.5-2.7 (–3.3),   (53–) 79-90 (–135)μ, w 1-2   .
Basidia 
4-, (25–) 29.0(–33.5) × (8.5–) 10.5 (–13) μ.
Cystidia 
 , , , (35.5–) 43.8 (–56) × (7.5–) 8.9 (–11)μ.
Pileipellis
ff       w     -z     ,   (16.5–) 25.9-28.4 (–44) × (8.5–)10.1-19.7 (–30) μ,  (1–) 1.4-2.5 (–4.5);  x.
Macrochemical reactions:
NH
4
OH 10 % w fl        k; KOH 4 % w fl  fi (
ca
1 ) k,   ; FSO
4
 10 % –    w     ;  w Mz’       .H –  z  w
Pseudo-tsuga
.

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