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Rehabilitation of Hala Sultan Tekke Mosque Part 1

Rehabilitation of Hala Sultan Tekke Mosque Part 1

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09/27/2010

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CENTRE FOR CONSERVATION & PRESERVATIONOF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
85, Ramsis Street, Cairo, 11511 EGYPT - P.O. Box: 764 Cairo
 
- Egypt
 
Tel.: (202) 5776122 / 5752495 Fax.: (202) 5748872E-MAIL ADDRESS: info@ ciah.biz http:// www.ciah.bizAssociated institute, ICOMOS Associated institute , Organization of Islamic Capitals & Cities
 
1 
Heritage For PeaceRehabilitation of Hala Sultan Tekke Mosque
 ByProf.Dr.Saleh Lamei
Director General CIAH
85 Ramses street, P.O.Box: 764Tel.: 202 5752495/5776122 Fax.: 202 5748872e-mail:info@ciah.biz;Saleh.Lamei@ciah.biz;www.ciah.biz 
The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) established its programme ManagementUnit in Cyprus in 1998. Its role is to implement the Bi-Communal Development Programmeaimed at promoting the peace-building process in Cyprus by encouraging Greek and TurkishCypriots to work together in the preparation and implementation of projects in areas of commonconcern.The ambitious plan involves Hala Sultan Tekke, a Muslim shrine located in the Greek Cypriotsouth- Larnaka, and the Apostolos Andreas Monastery, a Christian shrine in the Turkish Cypriotcontrolled North.Before starting any rehabilitation works, for historic buildings with distinct architectural value, adiagnostic study is required. The represented deterioration studies will go through many cycles of evaluation to obtain the best benefit of all relevant data and to evolve a program of treatment.
A. Studies Preliminary to RehabilitationPlans:
Scope of Work:
A phased rehabilitation programme for the TekkeMosque was proposed to UNESCO.
Phase One:
Data Collection, Diagnostic studies
General view of the site
 
Phase Two:
Project Preparation, Complete Technical Specifications and Tender Documents.
 
B. Studies, investigations and Rehabilitation Plans:
Preliminary investigations and studies were undertaken to cover the mosque’s history, structuralelements, building materials, soil composition, and causes of deterioration.This included:
 
CENTRE FOR CONSERVATION & PRESERVATIONOF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
85, Ramsis Street, Cairo, 11511 EGYPT - P.O. Box: 764 Cairo
 
- Egypt
 
Tel.: (202) 5776122 / 5752495 Fax.: (202) 5748872E-MAIL ADDRESS: info@ ciah.biz http:// www.ciah.bizAssociated institute, ICOMOS Associated institute , Organization of Islamic Capitals & Cities
 
2
I. Historical and Architectural Study.II. Site and Building Documentation.III. Environmental Study for the mosque and site.IV. Mineralogical - Petrological study of Building Materials.V. Geotechnical Investigations.VI. Endoscopic Tests.VII. Sonic Tests.VIII. Penetration TestsIX. Storm Rain Drainage Study.X. Structure and Environmental Monitoring.XI. Structure Assessment Study.XII.
 
Soil Structure Interaction Study.
1-Location:
The Tekke of Hala Sultan, is located aboutfour miles from Larnaca, on the west bank of the Salt Lake.
The Tekke has a total site area of 6.3Hectares. It has two ancillary buildings (guesthouse for men and women) to the westdirection behind the main entrance gate.
The mausoleum of Hala Sultan which isdetached to the south wall of the mosque.
An open cemetery to the south of themausoleum of Hala Sultan.
 
Location of the Tekke
2-Tekke Site in 19
th
Century:
2.1 Historical background:
 
Umm Har 
ā
m (Hala Sultan)Umm Har 
ā
m (honorable lady) bint Milhan al-Ansarial-Khazradji, first she was married to ‘Amr ibn Qaiswho was killed in the battle of Uhud bei Medina (3H./624 A.D). She married later ‘Ub
ā
da ibn as-S
ā
mit,who was one of the Prophet’s close companions.Umm Har 
ā
m was the aunt (Kh
ā
la) of Anas ibn M
ā
lik; one of the most profilic traditionists,according to his statement, in the age of ten his mother, Umm Suleim - the sister of Umm Har 
ā
m-gave him to the prophet and became a faithful servant.According to An
ā
s, she was a close favoritecompanion to the Prophet and was promised by him to share in the holy war, and to be in paradise.In 27 H./647 A.D. during the reign of Caliph ‘Uthm
ā
n. Umm Har 
ā
m accompanied her husband
Ubada ibn as-S
ā
mit on the first sea raid to Cyprus commanded by ‘Abdall
ā
h ibn Qais, she fellfrom her mule and killed on the spot and buried there. The Tekke was built later on same place.
 
CENTRE FOR CONSERVATION & PRESERVATIONOF ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURAL HERITAGE
 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
85, Ramsis Street, Cairo, 11511 EGYPT - P.O. Box: 764 Cairo
 
- Egypt
 
Tel.: (202) 5776122 / 5752495 Fax.: (202) 5748872E-MAIL ADDRESS: info@ ciah.biz http:// www.ciah.bizAssociated institute, ICOMOS Associated institute , Organization of Islamic Capitals & Cities
 
3
2.2 Building Monography
 
2.2.1 Foundation of the Tekke:
- After the Ottomans invaded Cyprus in 979H./ 1571 A.D., they identified Umm Har 
ā
m(honorable lady) bint Milhan al-Ansari al-Khazradji grave and took care of it.- From traveler’s description in 1683 A.D., we know that the grave existed.- In 1760 A.D., after the great plague in Cyprus, Mehmet Aga, the governor of Cyprus enclosedthe tomb with a wooden screen.- In the following year the governor ‘Ali Agha replaced the wooden screen by a wall with two bronze gates.
2.2.2 First Building Phase:
 
According to the historic inscription, Sheikh Hasan erected a mausoleum on her grave in 1174 H./1760 A.D., as well as the water cistern, which later was included within the mosque’s area.
2.2.3 Second Building Phase:
 
The mosque was built between 1174 H./ 1760 A.D. and 1211 H./ 1796 A.D., the date on theablution basin standing just to the north of the mosque in front of the mosque’s entrance, built bythe governor Kabud
ā
n Pasha Mustafa Agh
ā
as-Sil
ā
hd
ā
r.
 
- Probably the mosque was built first as a gathering place for worship without a minaret, thedecision of building the minaret was probably undertaken during the building of the mosque.- Originally there was an engraved inscription on the mosque entrance lintel; probably it wasdated.
2.2.4 Third Building Phase:
- According to the inscription on the main portal of the Complex, the ancillary buildings werefounded by the Governor of Cyprus (probably Sayyid Muhammad Agh
ā
) in 1228 H./ 1813 A.D.
 

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