Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
170Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Designing an Uninterruptible Power Supply

Designing an Uninterruptible Power Supply

Ratings:

5.0

(6)
|Views: 5,029|Likes:
Published by Hans De Keulenaer
A company specialized in uninterruptible power supply systems developed and manufactured in 2006 a system comprising a 400kVA UPS unit.

The system was installed in a production facility manufacturing food packaging equipment and foil, located in northern Poland.

Frequent voltage dips and fluctuations were severely impairing the production process, causing downtimes of several-hour duration, which generated substantial losses. Restarting the production caused another losses resulting from the process specifi city.

Typically about 200 kg of material was lost until final product was compliant with standards.
A company specialized in uninterruptible power supply systems developed and manufactured in 2006 a system comprising a 400kVA UPS unit.

The system was installed in a production facility manufacturing food packaging equipment and foil, located in northern Poland.

Frequent voltage dips and fluctuations were severely impairing the production process, causing downtimes of several-hour duration, which generated substantial losses. Restarting the production caused another losses resulting from the process specifi city.

Typically about 200 kg of material was lost until final product was compliant with standards.

More info:

Published by: Hans De Keulenaer on Jul 05, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/12/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Guide for electrical design engineers
 Julian Wiatr 
 ow e Q u al   i    t    y
Power Qualit
Example of a process production line
Designing an uninterruptible power supply 
 
2
http://www.leonardo-energy.org
Power Quality 
Scope o design
A company specialized in uninterruptible power supply systems developed and manuactured in 2006 a systemcomprising a 400kVA UPS unit. The system was installed in a production acility manuacturing ood packagingequipment and oil, located in northern Poland. Frequent voltage dips and fuctuations were severely impairing theproduction process, causing downtimes o several-hour duration, which generated substantial losses. Restarting theproduction caused another losses resulting rom the process specicity. Typically about 200 kg o material was lostuntil nal product was compliant with standards. The production plant is supplied directly rom two-transormer substation 15/0.42 kV. The substation is not equippedwith automatic stand-by switching system and is provided only with a manually operated power switch 1—0—2(I
n
=1250A). According to the design o electrical installation in the production line room, individual loads weresupplied directly rom LV switchboard in the transormer substation; a re cut-o switch was not installed.Since the commissioning o the uninterruptible power supply system the process line has been operating ailureree. Supply interruptions, even o a several minute duration, do not cause the process breakdown. The transormersubstation was provided with re cut-o switch actuated by manually operated switches located at the main entranceto the production room and at the entrance to the UPS room. Actuation o the re switch turns the UPS o and thusturns o all loads installed in the building. Photographs below show some elements o the uninterruptible powersupply installation.
View o the uninterruptible power supply installation
Air-conditioning
 The design o the uninterruptible power supply system installation involved some problems related with e cientlyventing o hydrogen released during the UPS battery charging. The room intended by the investor or the UPSinstallation was very small what resulted in the necessity or design o ventilation and air conditioning installation.Charging o lead-acid batteries involves hydrogen evolution due to water decomposition (even in a sealed batterythere is no 100% recombination). This process is associated with the water decomposition voltage o ca. 0.23 V. Waterdecomposition process in lead-acid battery is indicated in gure 1.
 
3
http://www.leonardo-energy.org
Designing an uninterruptible power supply 
equilibrium voltage~ 2 V0,23 Vwaterdecompositionvoltage
    h   y    d   r   o   g   e   n    g   a   s   s    i   n   g    h   y    d   r   o   g   e   n    e   v   o    l   u   t    i   o   n   o   x   y   g   e   n    e   v   o    l   u   t    i   o   n
-0,8 -0,6 -0,4 -0,2 0 1,4 1,6 1,8 2,0 2,2 [v]2H
+
+2e
H
2
0
2-
½-0
2-
+2e
Fig. 1. Water decomposition in a lead-acid battery Fig. 2. The ignition energy o a hydrogen-air mixture vs. the hydrogen concentration Z 
1
– minimum ignition energy E 
min
=0,019 mJ,
– lower explosive limit 
g
– upper explosive limit 
Accumulating hydrogen gas mixes with air orming a mixture that at the concentration greater than 4.1% (lowerexplosive limit — LEL) becomes explosive. When the concentration exceeds the lower explosive limit even a smallenergy, e.g. that o an electrostatic discharge, is su cient to initiate explosion. The foor in the battery room shall beo an antistatic material that enables an electrostatic charge accumulated on human body fow to earth. The foorresistance shall satisy the condition: 50
Ω
 
R
 
1*10
 Ω
. Fullling this condition provides or both: a proper workplaceinsulation, according to IEC 60364-4-41 requirements, and su cient fow o static charge to earth. The dependenceo ignition energy o a hydrogen-air mixture on the hydrogen concentration is shown in gure 2.Hydrogen has a lighter density than air and tends to rise upward in air, orming under a ceiling a layer o mixture withconcentration depending on the intensity o battery gassing and the air exchange rate in the battery room. In orderto mitigate explosion hazards the UPS battery room ventilation is necessary. The presented design employs a two-threshold explosive gases detection system. The detection system comprisesa control panel, two detectors and an optical-audible signaling device. I the concentration exceeds 10% o the lowerexplosive limit (LEL) an exhaust an with air exchange rate 6 times per hour is started. I the gassing is more intensive

Activity (170)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Aditya Suardi liked this
iakong liked this
Gautham Nair liked this
zambroata liked this
misbahahmed111 liked this
Khalid A. Saleh liked this
bpchimera liked this
viethuong96 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->