compared with 11,000 hours spent in the class room. By the age of fourteen, thetypical viewer will have witnessed 11,000 TV murders; by the age of eighteen heor she will have been exposed to 350,000 commercials.2.
Television viewing starts early in America, and it soon starts to reflect thesymptoms of addiction. A study at Michigan State University discovered thatwhen four- and five-year-olds are offered a hypothetical choice between giving uptelevision or their father, one-third would rather part with father.3.
Children get up early in the morning to watch television before leaving for schooland millions of children under the age of twelve watch television as late as 10P.M. on week nights. The peak of television viewing is reached just beforeentering the adolescent years and then decreases slowly until when the adolescentis reaching a plateau of about two and one-half hours of television viewing a day.4.
The main reason for the heaviest period of viewing TV so much can be found inthe
new freedom that this age group experiences
in staying up later in theevening. The gradual decrease after this age is no doubt largely due to the socialinvolvements of the adolescent. The television set is at home, and
is notwhere most adolescents want to spend their time. Their process of autonomy andtheir increasing interest in the peer group and in dating mean less time for television.Americans most likely, hold the world record in television viewing, butother countries are not far behind. Statistics show that West German children ratetelevision their favorite pastime, spending approximately one and one-half hoursdaily watching it, and list as their favorite shows: 1) comics, 2) wildlife shows, 3)children's programs and 4) Wild West movies.5.
Concerns about TV's family-destructive potential has been expressed on thehighest government level. For example, in 1982 West German Chancellor HelmutSchmidt called on his nation to dedicate a family night at least once a week-withTV off (H. Sebald, 1992). Nonetheless, television as an internationally informational medium is
. Itsgrowing magnitude in technologically advanced societies illustrates the emphasis that postindustrial systems place on the service function, including entertainment, communication,and advertisement.
rominent ingredients of TV programs
Since adolescence is the result of anterior accumulationsand of an identity synthesis, it is necessary to look at the whole evolutionary process. The presence of the TV until puberty, alreadygives to the teenager a series of behavioral patterns that tend to remaincrystallized, if his life experience is not diversifiedenough, to collapse and replace them with other sustainable behavior. Television, for example, portrays a variety of values that cannot fail to have impact on the young. Some of the dominant values conflict with those that most parents would like to instill in their children:1.
It is virtually impossible to watch television without seeing humanskilled, tortured or maimed, and it has been estimated that by fourteen, the average child hasseen 18,000 humans killed on television.2.
Television exposes the young to a world of unreality that not onlyinvites escapism from real life - a function of fantasy that is often useful but seriously distortsreality.
is far more honest because it admits openly, that ´it is not reality´ butonly a fly of the fantasy.3.
Sexuality is usually presented in movies and television on a physical level, both visually and verbally, but disguised as "love."4.
Idealization of immaturity
. Idols and heroes are often immature and teenagelikeand seem to have achieved wealth and fame with minimal talent.