Della Bahan, Berkeley, California, Christy Virginia Keeny,Cordelia Dai, Randy Renick, HADSELL STORMER KEENYRICHARDSON, Pasadena, California, for the appellees.Michael M. Berger, Benjamin G. Shatz, MANATT, PHELPS& PHILLIPS, Los Angeles, California, for the appellant.
W. FLETCHER, Circuit Judge:Chinese Daily News, Inc. (“CDN”), a Chinese-languagenewspaper, appeals the district court’s judgment in an actionbrought by some of its California-based employees under thefederal Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) and under Cali-fornia law. The district court certified the FLSA claim as acollective action. It certified the state-law claims as a classaction under Rule 23(b)(2) and, alternatively, under Rule23(b)(3). In the state-law class action, it provided for noticeand opt out, but subsequently invalidated the opt outs. Itgranted partial summary judgment to plaintiffs; held jury andbench trials; entered judgment for plaintiffs; awarded attor-ney’s fees to plaintiffs; and conducted a new opt-out process.CDN appeals, challenging aspects of each of these rulings, aswell as the jury’s verdict. We have jurisdiction under 28U.S.C. § 1291 and we affirm.I. BackgroundOn March 5, 2004, three employees of CDN, Lynne Wang,Yu Fang Ines Kai, and Hui Jung Pao, filed suit against CDNon behalf of current, former, and future CDN employeesbased in CDN’s San Francisco and Monterey Park (LosAngeles), California locations. They alleged violations of the