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Learn Kannada

Learn Kannada

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Published by Siva Subramanian

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Published by: Siva Subramanian on Sep 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Brief introduction to Kannada language
'Kannada' is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects byroughly 45 million people. Kannada is one of theofficial languages of Indiaand is the state officiallanguage of the state of Karnataka.Kannada language has been spoken for about 2000 years, with the Kannada writing systembeing in use for about the last 1500 years.There is also a sharp distinction between the spoken and written forms of Kannada. SpokenKannada tends to vary from region to region. The written form is more or less constant throughoutKarnataka, however. Theethnologueidentifies about 20 dialects of Kannada.
Geographic distribution
Kannada is mainly spoken inKarnatakainIndia, and to a lesser extent in the neighboring states. There are significant Kannada speaking populations in theUnited Statesand theUK.
Early History
Perhaps being the oldest language next to Sanskrit, Prakrit, and Tamil, Kannada language has arich heritage. 'Kavirajamarga' () of king Nripatunga (9th century A.D.) is believedto be the earliest literary work in Kannada. It is a treatise on poetics or a guide to poets indicatingthat Kannada was a fully developed literary language when Kavirajamarga (cu-ve-raa-ja-maarga)was composed. It refers to earlier linguists and poets whose works are not forthcoming. But fromepigraphical evidence it can be surmised that the spoken Kannada language evolved muchearlier than the Halmidi inscription (c. 450 A.D.). By the 10th century Kannada had its greatestancient poets like Pampa (born 902 A.D.), Ranna ( born 949 A.D.) and special prose work like(Waddaa-raa-dhu-nae )(c. 930 A.D.) indicating that classical Kannada literature hadfully evolved at least one or two centuries earlier, back to 'Kavirajamarga'. But since none of theearlier works have survived, we have to stick to the established norm that written Kannada cameinto vogue by the 5th century A.D.
Kannada Alphabet
The language has 52 characters in itsalphabet and isphonetic. The character set is almost identical to that of other Indian languages.The script itself is fairly complicated like most other  languages of India owing to the occurrence of various combinations of "half-letters", or symbolsthat attach to various letters. The number of written symbols, however, is far more than the 52characters in the alphabet, owing to the fact that different characters can be combined to formcompound characters (ottaksharas). Each written symbol in the Kannada script corresponds withone syllable, as opposed to one phonemein languages likeEnglish.
Several transliteration schemes are used to type Kannada characters using a standard keyboard.These includeITRANS, Baraha and Nudi. The Government of Karnataka standard for Kannada transliteration is the Nuditransliteration scheme.
Kannada Class – Session I Handout
 NaanuMe / I amNaanu software engineer. (I am a softwareengineer) NeenuYouNeenu student. (You are a student) NammaOursNamma desha Bharata. (Our country isBharata). NimmaYoursNimma ooru ABC. (Your home town isABC)YaaruWhoTeacher yaaru? (Who is the teacher?)YaavagaWhenClass yaavaga? (When is the class?)YelliWhereRamu yelli? (Where is Ramu?)AvaruHe / She (withrespect). Also they /those peopleAvaru teacher. (He / She is a teacher)IvaruHe / She. This person/ these peopleIvaru students. (These people arestudents)OoruPlace / hometown Nanna ooru ABC. (My place is ABC)HesaruNameNanna hesaru XYZ. (My name is XYZ)GottuKnowNanage English gottu. (I know English)GottillaDont knowNanage C++ gottilla. (I dont know C++)Ishta Like Nanage tea ishta. (I like tea.)BaagiluDoorIdu baagilu. (This is the door).KitakiWindowAdu kitaki. (That is the window)KurchiChairIdu kurchi. (This is chair)MejuTableAdu meju. (This is table)ManeHouseIdu namma mane. (This is my house)BaaComeNeenu illi baa. (you come here)BanniCome(with respect)Neevu illi banni. (you come here)HegeHowNeenu illige hege bande? (How did youcome here?)
Kannada Class – Session 2 Handout
With Respect or Plural (wrp)
IduThis / It Idu pustaka. (this is book)Idu nanna pennu. (it is my pen)AduThatAdu nanna mane (that is my house)YaakeWhyNeenu yaake allige hode? (why did yougo there?)YenuWhatIdu yenu? (What is this?)HouduYesHoudu, adu nanage beku. (Yes, I need it)
Alla NotNanna hesaru ABC alla. (My name is notABC)BekuWantNanage pencil beku. (I want pencil)BedaDo not wantNanage idli beda. (I do not want Idli)Hogu / HogiGo / wrpNeenu hogu / Neevu hogi. (You go)Hoda / Hodaru(he) Went / wrpAvanu hoda / Avaru hodaru. (He went)HodaLu / Hodaru(she) Went / wrpAvaLu hodaLu/ Avaru hodaru. (She went)Banda / Bandaru(he) Came / wrpAvanu banda / Avaru bandaru. (He came)BandaLu / Bandaru(she) Came / wrpAvalu bandalu / Avaru bandaru. (Shecame)AlliThereAlli pustaka ide. (Book is there)IlliHereIlli nodu (See here)Baa / BanniCome / wrpBega baa. (Come fast)Thago / ThagolliTake / wrpPen thago (Take the pen)KeLu / keLiListen / wrpNanna maathu kelu (Listen to me)HeLu / HeLiTell / wrpNanage kathe helu (Tell me a story)OLageInsideOlage yenu ide? (What is inside?)HorageOutsideHorage maLe ide. (It is raining outside) NilliStopAlli nilli. (Stop there)EegaNowEega neenu baa. (Come now)AagaThenAaga maLe banthu. (It rained then)
Kannada Class – Session 3 Handout
 Namaskaara Good day.Shubhadina Good morning.Shubharaatri Good night.Hogi barutheeni Goodbye.Dayavittu Please.Dhanyavada Thank you.Hege Iddira? How do you do?Chennagi Iddini Very well, thank you.Susvaagatha Welcome.ShubashayagaLu Congratulations.Kshamisi, thada ayitu.Sorry, I'm late.
Words conveying relations
ammaMotheappaFathemagaSonmagaluDaughteaNNaElder brothe

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