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Critical Thinking and Decision Making

Critical Thinking and Decision Making

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Published by mOHAN.S
critical thinking and decision making in nursing management
critical thinking and decision making in nursing management

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Published by: mOHAN.S on Sep 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/05/2013

 
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Seminar presentation onCritical thinking and decision making
Submitted to,Mrs. Sundaramh.o.d. department of o.b.gp.i.o.nsubmitted by,mr.mohan.sm.sc nursingp.i.o.n
 
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CRITICAL THINKING
Meaning
The word critical is derived from the Greek and means to questions, to discuss, to choose , to evaluate, tomake judgmentGreek kritein-to choose, to decideGreek krites- judgeEnglish criterion-a standard, rule, or methodCritical thinking examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assessesconclusion."Critical" as used in the expression "critical thinking" connotes the importance or centrality of thethinking to an issue, question or problem of concern. "Critical" in this context does not mean"disapproved" or "negative." There are many positive and useful uses of critical thinking, for exampleformulating a workable solution to a complex personal problem, deliberating as a group about whatcourse of action to take, or analyzing the assumptions and the quality of the methods used in scientificallyarriving at a reasonable level of confidence about a given hypothesis. Using strong critical thinking wemight evaluate an argument, for example, as worthy of acceptance because it is valid and based on true premises. Upon reflection, a speaker may be evaluated as a credible source of knowledge on a giventopic.
DEFINITION
Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing,applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by,observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions:clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, andfairness. It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue, assumptions, concepts, empirical grounding; reasoning leading toconclusions, implications and consequences, objections from alternative viewpoints, and frame of reference.
 
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Critical thinking - in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes ± is incorporated ina family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking,historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophicalthinking.Michael Scriven and Richard Paul
Cr
itical thinking can be seen as having two components:
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. a set of skills to process and generate information and beliefs, and2. the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior.
It is thus to be cont
r
asted with:
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. the mere acquisition and retention of information alone, (because it involves a particular way in whichinformation is sought and treated,)2. the mere possession of a set of skills, (because it involves the continual use of them,) and3. the mere use of those skills ("as an exercise") without acceptance of their results.
CHARAC
TE
ISTI
C
S
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It is a multi dimensional cognitive process. It requires a skillfull application of knowledge andexperience for the sophisticated judgment and evaluation needed in complex situations . it isinteractive ±individual with interpretations made of the word
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It is a process oriented
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It uses structure asa means rather than an end
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It is a frame work within which to interpret knowledge , challenge assumptions,generatecontradictory hypothesis, and develop modifications
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It is affective learning , including moral reasoning and development of values guiding decisionsand activities
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It is awareness of self as the basis for building relationships with a client :conscious awareness of feelings , beliefs ,values and attitudes
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It is empathy and empowerment

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