Critical thinking - in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes ± is incorporated ina family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking,historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophicalthinking.Michael Scriven and Richard Paul
itical thinking can be seen as having two components:
. a set of skills to process and generate information and beliefs, and2. the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior.
It is thus to be cont
. the mere acquisition and retention of information alone, (because it involves a particular way in whichinformation is sought and treated,)2. the mere possession of a set of skills, (because it involves the continual use of them,) and3. the mere use of those skills ("as an exercise") without acceptance of their results.
It is a multi dimensional cognitive process. It requires a skillfull application of knowledge andexperience for the sophisticated judgment and evaluation needed in complex situations . it isinteractive ±individual with interpretations made of the word
It is a process oriented
It uses structure asa means rather than an end
It is a frame work within which to interpret knowledge , challenge assumptions,generatecontradictory hypothesis, and develop modifications
It is affective learning , including moral reasoning and development of values guiding decisionsand activities
It is awareness of self as the basis for building relationships with a client :conscious awareness of feelings , beliefs ,values and attitudes
It is empathy and empowerment