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Table Of Contents

1.1Defining the Peri-Urban Sector
1.2Purpose of the Report
1.3 Development of the Report
1.4Organization of the Report
1.5Intended Users
2.1.1 Impact on Health and the Environment
2.1.2Population Growth in Peri-Urban Areas
2.2.1 Poor Physical Site Conditions and Complicated Site Layouts
2.2.2 Limited Water Availability
2.2.3 High-Density Population
2.2.4 Organization of Communities and Social Characteristics
2.2.5 Legal Land Tenure and Lack of Government
2.2.6 Low Income Levels and Reliance on the Informal Economy
2.2.7 The Role of Informal Businesses
2.2.8 Limited Political Influence
2.4.1 Demand-Driven Sanitation Interventions
2.4.2 Political Motives
2.4.3 A Conflict of Interest or Goals
2.4.4 Lack of Data
2.4.5 Cheap Land/Expensive Infrastructure
2.4.6 Limited Technologies Appropriate to Peri-Urban Areas
3.1.1 Degree of Health Benefits as a Factor of Sanitation Level
3.1.2 Transferring Excreta Off-Site
3.2Environmental Issues
3.3.1 Community Organization and Participation
3.3.2 Behavioral Factors
4.1.1 Costs of Improvements
4.1.2 Cost Recovery
4.1.3 Willingness to Pay
4.1.4 Credit Programs
4.2Uncertain Legal Status of Peri-Urban Areas
4.3Interaction between Formal Institutions and Peri-Urban Settlements
4.4NGOs As Intermediary Organizations
5.1Site Limitations
5.2 Institutional and Community Costs of ?Low-Cost@Technologies
5.3Design Standards and Engineers
5.4.1 On-Site Technologies
5.4.2 Off-Site Technologies
5.5Wastewater Treatment
5.6Summary and Comparisons of Technologies
6.1Key Principles
6.2Data Needs
6.4Challenging the Status Quo: A Need for Action
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1 Peri Urban Sanitation

1 Peri Urban Sanitation

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Published by jeengeorge

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Published by: jeengeorge on Sep 28, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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