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1.1 What is Statistics?
1.2 The Use of Statistics in Economics and Other
1.3 Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
1.4. A QUICK GLIMPSE AT STATISTICAL INFERENCE 5
1.4 A Quick Glimpse at Statistical Inference
1.5 Data Sets
1.6 Numerical Measures of Position
1.7 Numerical Measures of Variability
1.8 Numerical Measures of Skewness
Standardised Values
1.10 Bivariate Data: Covariance and Correlation
1.11 Exercises
Probability
2.1 Why Probability?
2.2 Sample Spaces and Events
2.3 Univariate, Bivariate and Multivariate Sample
2.4 The Meaning of Probability
2.5 Probability Assignment
2.8 Statistical Independence
2.9 Bayes Theorem
2.12 Exercises
3.1 Random Variables
3.2 Probability Distributions of Random Variables
3.3 Expected Value and Variance
3.4 Covariance and Correlation
3.5 Linear Functions of Random Variables
3.6 Sums and Diﬀerences of Random Variables
3.7 Binomial Probability Distributions
3.8. POISSON PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS 83
3.8 Poisson Probability Distributions
3.9 Uniform Probability Distributions
3.10. NORMAL PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS 89
3.10 Normal Probability Distributions
3.11 Exponential Probability Distributions
3.12 Exercises
4.1 Populations and Samples
Mean
4.3 The Central Limit Theorem
4.4 Point Estimation
4.5. PROPERTIES OF GOOD POINT ESTIMATORS 115
4.5 Properties of Good Point Estimators
4.5.1 Unbiasedness
4.5.2 Consistency
4.5.3 Eﬃciency
4.6 Conﬁdence Intervals
4.7 Conﬁdence Intervals With Small Samples
4.8 One-Sided Conﬁdence Intervals
4.9 Estimates of a Population Proportion
4.10 The Planning of Sample Size
4.11 Prediction Intervals
4.12 Exercises
Estimators
Tests of Hypotheses
5.1 The Null and Alternative Hypotheses
5.2 Statistical Decision Rules
statistical decision rule
5.3 Application of Statistical Decision Rules
5.4 P–Values
Proportions
5.6 Power of Test
5.8 Exercises
6.1 Comparison of Two Population Means
6.2 Small Samples: Normal Populations With the
6.3 Paired Diﬀerence Experiments
6.4 Comparison of Two Population Proportions
6.5 Exercises
7.1 Inferences About a Population Variance
7.2. COMPARISONS OF TWO POPULATION VARIANCES 173
7.2 Comparisons of Two Population Variances
7.3 Chi-Square Tests of Goodness of Fit
7.5 Contingency Tables: Tests of Independence
7.6 Exercises
Simple Linear Regression
8.1 The Simple Linear Regression Model
Parameters
8.3 The Properties of the Residuals
Value of Y
8.8 Predictions About the Level of Y
Intercept Parameters
8.10 Evaluation of the Aptness of the Model
8.11 Randomness of the Independent Variable
8.12 An Example
8.13 Exercises
Multiple Regression
9.1 The Basic Model
9.2 Estimation of the Model
9.3. CONFIDENCE INTERVALS AND STATISTICAL TESTS 227
9.3 Conﬁdence Intervals and Statistical Tests
9.4. TESTING FOR SIGNIFICANCE OF THE REGRESSION 229
9.4 Testing for Signiﬁcance of the Regression
9.5 Dummy Variables
9.6 Left-Out Variables
9.7 Multicollinearity
9.8 Serially Correlated Residuals
9.9 Non-Linear and Interaction Models
9.10 Prediction Outside the Experimental Region:
9.11 Exercises
Analysis of Variance
10.1 Regression Results in an ANOVA Framework
10.2 Single-Factor Analysis of Variance
10.3. TWO-FACTOR ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE 277
10.3 Two-factor Analysis of Variance
10.4 Exercises
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02/07/2013

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