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Social Studies S3: Theme 3, Chapter 5 - Bonding Singapore

Social Studies S3: Theme 3, Chapter 5 - Bonding Singapore

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Published by Yuxiu Gamileo Teng

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Published by: Yuxiu Gamileo Teng on Sep 29, 2010
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1
SELF_NOTES/HUMANITIES/SOCIAL_STUDIES/TOPIC_BY_TOPIC/GAMILEO TENG
Theme 4: Conflict and Harmony In Multi-Ethnic SocietiesChapter 5: Bonding Singapore1. Challenges faced by multi-ethnic societiesChallenge Description ExplainManaging perceptions of different racial groups1.
 
Create suspicion and unhappiness caused by lack of understanding2.
 
1964: 36 dead, 560 injured 
y
 
PAP participated Federal Election in 1964, callingfor a non-communal approach - Equal opportunities for all 
y
 
United Malays National Organisation felt threatened 
some leaders led anti-PAP campaign
o
 
Highlighted poverty of Sg's Malays
o
 
Claimed that PAP's resettlement and redeveloped program was to uproot Malays from traditional Malay Areas
 Dissatisfaction
o
 
Utusan Melayu claimed 3000 Malay families affected by resettlement inCrawford, Kampong Glam and Rochor 
 Only 200/2500 families were Malay! 
PAP did not care about Malays
o
 
PAP meeting with Malay organisations toexplain policies after UMNO had fiery speech exchanges which stirred anger 
o
 
Grounds set for race riot although promisewas made
Improved economic and social positions through training and education
o
 
Celebration of Prophet Mohammad'sbirthday 
Clash between Chinese policeman and Malay participants
Full-blown riots
Damages to property + lossof lives
o
 
Goodwill committees formed to foster stronger bonds among people of different races and religion. Committee memberswent from house to house to spread message of living peacefully 
y
 
This shows how easily thebonds between the different races in Singapore arebroken throughmisunderstandings.
y
 
If the society of Singapore isin pieces, and that peopleare constantly suspicious of each other, then external threats from outside of thecountry would very easily crumble the country.
y
 
Thus, the management of different racial groups inSingapore is crucial, and amongst the most important,with the management of religious groups, to maintainthe stability of the country.Managing perceptions of different religious groups1.
 
Different religious belief and practices causes tensionamongst Singaporeans.
y
 
The riots proof that if the
 
SELF_NOTES/HUMANITIES/SOCIAL_STUDIES/TOPIC_BY_TOPIC/GAMILEO TENG
2.
 
Maria Hertogh Riots in 1950s
y
 
1940s: Dutch couple was imprisoned by Japanese.They placed their daughter under a Malay, Aminah.
y
 
Maria is then raised as a Muslim and married aMalay teacher at 13 y/o
y
 
hen parents are released, they demanded thereturn of Maria. Refusal by Aminah led to a court trial 
wide media coverage
unhappiness amongMuslim community.
y
 
hen Maria was returned to her Dutch parents,many felt that the British legal system was biased against the Muslims, and that the welfare of Muslims were not looked into.
o
 
 Anger towards Eurasian and Europeancommunities
riots
y
 
Media coverage through English, Malay and Tamil newspapers were published. These included thecourt's decision to annul Maria's marriage and beingin a Christian Convent 
y
 
24-hour curfew called in for 2 weeks. British and Malayan called in to maintain peace, alongsideSingapore troopsdifferences amongst religions are not handled appropriately, anger and grievances may build upamong the community, and acts of hostility may result.
y
 
Distrust amongst the peoplealso cause a less cohesivesociety, and the ease for external factors to affect thecountry.
y
 
Thus, along with themanagement of differencesamong different races, themanagement amongdifferent religions is crucial,and is the amongst the most important factorsdetermining the stability of acountry.Threats from external forces1.
 
Transnational terrorism: acts of violence which areglobal in terms of aims, organisation and impact.2.
 
Race and religion can be weapons to create ill feelingsamong different ethnic groups, threatening religious and racial harmony in the country.3.
 
Jemaah Islamiyah [JI] in 2001
y
 
34 members of JI arrested under Internal Security  Act for involvement in terrorist-related activitiesbetween 2001 and 2002 
y
 
Fund raised and bought bomb-making materials,targeting Singapore's MOE and US embassy.
y
 
In April 2005, another JI member, in charge of bomb and weapons making was arrested.
y
 
Political leaders and religious leaders called uponthe people to remain calm and committed to living ina harmonious society.
y
 
Muslim leaders condemned JI in unison, and emphasised that JI was not supported by the
y
 
This would affect Singapore's society as theremay be distrust among themultiple ethnic groups present.
y
 
For example, the JI arrestsmay have made the Chineseand Indians suspicious of the Malays and Muslims,staying away from them.
y
 
This would then causemisunderstandings and theunhappiness of Malays and Muslims. An uproar may result, and riots and protestsmay occur.
y
 
However, this is less crucial as compared to above twoas with social cohesionthrough the proper management of racial and 
 
3
SELF_NOTES/HUMANITIES/SOCIAL_STUDIES/TOPIC_BY_TOPIC/GAMILEO TENG
Muslims religious differences, theeffects of such would befaint, or inexistence, sinceeveryone trust one another.2. Managing ethnic diversity Building a national identity 
y
 
Multi-racialism1.
 
Policy of multi-racialism promotes equality amongst races
no special benefit for one race/religiousgroup.2.
 
Regardless of background 
y
 
Common practices1.
 
Singing the national anthem, taking the pledge and attending flag-raising ceremony 
y
 
Bilingualism1.
 
Introduced in 1966 2.
 
Students are to learn English and own mother-tongue.3.
 
Mother tongue is then used to impart moral valuesand culture tradition of the different races
y
 
Everyone is regarded as avalued member of thecountry, sense of national identity is created.
y
 
Fosters national identity 
 inculcates loyalty and national pride
 Singaporean seethemselves as one
y
 
English links different ethnic groups. As a non-native language, no onehas advantage over other,but improvescommunications.Safeguarding interests of minority groups
y
 
Minority representation1.
 
Give minority groups a say in governance
 safeguard interests of them2.
 
The Presidential Council of Minority Rights [PCMR] and Group Representation Constituency [GRC] a.
 
GRC ensures that at least one of thecandidates in the team contesting in theGeneral Election is from a minority racial group
y
 
PCMR: Members fromminority racial and religiousgroups
ensures that nogroups are disadvantaged due to a law passed in parliament 
y
 
Ensures minority racial communities arerepresented in parliament 
y
 
Concerns and needs aremade known to government 

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