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Organic Farming and Medicinal Plant

Organic Farming and Medicinal Plant

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Published by Abraham

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Published by: Abraham on Sep 29, 2010
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09/29/2010

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Prof. B. C. GhoshProf. B. C. Ghosh
 Agricultural and Food Engineering Department  Agricultural and Food Engineering Department Indian Institute of Technology Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur Kharagpur Pin Pin - -721 302 721 302 
 
Practice of Organic Farming for Practice of Organic Farming for Medicinal Plant CultivationMedicinal Plant Cultivation
Prof. B. C. GhoshProf. B. C. Ghosh
 Agricultural and Food Engineering Department Agricultural and Food Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of TechnologyIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurKharagpur --721302721302
 
Organic Farming:Organic Farming:
OrganicOrganicfarmingfarmingisisproductionproductionmanagementmanagementsystemssystems whichwhichpromotespromotesandandenhancesenhancesagroagro--ecosystemecosystemhealthhealth includingincludingbiobio--diversity,diversity,biologicalbiologicalcyclescyclesandandsoilsoil biologicalbiologicalactivityactivity..
EmphasisesEmphasisesmanagementmanagementpracticespracticesononuseuseoofofoff--farmfarm inputs,inputs,considerationconsiderationof ofregionalregionalconditionsconditionsandandlocallylocally adaptedadaptedsystemsystem..
Using,Using,wherewhereevereverpossible,possible,agronomic,agronomic,biologicalbiologicalandand mechanicalmechanicalmethodsmethodsagainstagainstusingusingoofsyntheticsynthetic materialsmaterialsforforfulfillingfulfillinganyanyspecifcspecifcfunctionfunctionwithinwithinthethe systemsystem..
ItItavoidsavoidsororlarglylarglyexcludesexcludesthetheuseuseoofsyntheticsynthetic inorganicinorganicfertilizer,fertilizer,pesticidess,pesticidess,growthgrowthregulatorsregulatorsandand livestocklivestockfeedfeedadditivesadditives..
LarglyLarglydependsdependsononcropcroprotationrotationandandorganicorganicwastewaste management,management,animalanimalmanures,manures,greengreenmanuring,manuring, mechanicalmechanicalcultivation,cultivation,mineralmineralbearingbearingrocksrocksandand biologicalbiologicalpestpestcontrolcontrol..
 
Organic farming envisaged comprehensivOrganic farming envisaged comprehensivmanagement of biotic and abiotic management of biotic and abiotic components to maintain soil health components to maintain soil health 
Salient points of organic farming as Salient points of organic farming as  per AIFOF and IFOAM  per AIFOF and IFOAM 
NAT
IO
NA
L BODY
NAT
IO
NA
L BODY
A
ll India Federation of Organic
A
ll India Federation of OrganicFarming (
A
IFOF)Farming (
A
IFOF)
I
NT
ER
NAT
IO
NA
L BODYI
NT
ER
NAT
IO
NA
L BODYInternational Federation of OrganicInternational Federation of Organic
A
griculture Movements (IFO
A
M)
A
griculture Movements (IFO
A
M)

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