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Chap 1

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Published by Shalini Singh

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Published by: Shalini Singh on Sep 29, 2010
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Introduction toClastic Sedimentology
(Notes for a University level, second year, half-credit course in clastic sedimentology)
byR.J. Cheel
 Department of Earth Sciences Brock UniversitySt. Catharines, Ontario, Canada L2S 3A1rcheel@brocku.cahttp://www.brocku.ca/sedimentology
© 2005 R.J. Cheel
The author thanks the following publishers for granting permission to reproduce figures for which theyhold copyright:Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, figures 2-2, 2-19, 2-14, 2-21,4-17, 4-20, 5-15, 5-17, 5-5;SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Tulsa, Oklahoma, figures 2-15, 2-16, 2-17, 5-6, 5-12, 5-13, 5-14,6-7, 6-8, 6-9, 6-10, 6-12, 6-17, 6-18; Academic Press, New York, figure 2-31A; Springer-Verlag, New York,figures 2-6, 2-39, 3-1, and table 3-5; The University of Chicago Press, figure 2-20; Chapman and Hall, U.K.,figures 2-4 and 5-24. All permissions were granted free of charge.Mike Lozon (Department of Earth Sciences, Brock University) is thanked for preparing several of the figures.
Table of ContentsChapter 1. Introduction5
Why study clastic sedimentology?5About this book6Comprehensive sedimentology textbooks7
Chapter 2. Grain Texture8
Introduction8Grain Size8Volume8Linear dimensions9Direct measurement9Sieving10Settling velocity10Stoke's Law of Settling11Grade scales14Displaying grain size data16Describing grain size distributions18Median18Mean19Sorting coefficient19Skewness20Kurtosis20Paleoenvironmental implications20Why measure grain size?22Grain Shape22Roundness22Wadell22Dobkins and Folk22Power's visual comparison chart22Sphericity23Wadell23Sneed and Folk24Riley24Clast form24Significance of grain shape25Source rock25Transport25Porosity and Permeability28Porosity28Controls on porosity28Packing density28Grain size29Sorting30Post-burial processes30Compaction30Cementation30Clay formation30Solution31Permeability (Darcy's Law)31Controls on permeability341

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