with many people deriving their incomes and livelihoods through work and activities at dierent points along the ood chain—rom seed toplate. Such localised ood systems provide the oundations o peoples’nutrition, incomes, economies and culture throughout the world. Tey start at the household level and expand to neighbourhood, municipaland regional levels. And localised ood systems depend on many dierent local organisations to co-ordinate ood production, storage anddistribution, as well as people’s access to ood. Moreover, the ecologicaland institutional contexts in which diverse ood systems are embeddedalso depend on the co-ordinated activities o local organisations or theirrenewal and sustainability.
Troughout the world, civil society, indigenous peoples and new socialmovements, - rather than academics or proessional policy think tanks -,are the prime movers behind a newly emerging ood sovereignty policy ramework. At its heart, this alternative policy ramework or ood andagriculture aims to guarantee and protect people’s space, ability andright to dene their
models o production, ood distribution andconsumption patterns. Tis notion o “ood sovereignty” is perhapsbest understood as a
that seeks to recreate thedemocratic realm and regenerate a diversity o autonomous ood systemsbased on equity, social justice and ecological sustainability.
“Food Sovereignty is the right o peoples to dene their own ood and agriculture; to protect and regulate domestic agricultural production and trade in order to achieve sustainable development objectives; to determine the extent to which they want to be sel reliant; to restrict the dumping o products in their markets; and to provide local sheries-based communities the priority in managing the use o and the rights to aquatic resources. Food Sovereignty does not negate trade, but rather it promotes the ormulation o trade policies and practices that serve the rights o peoples to ood and tosae, healthy and ecologically sustainable production.”
Indeed, the emerging ood sovereignty policy ramework identies theneed or several mutually supportive
national and international policiesto strengthen the autonomy
and resilience of more localised food
systems.It recognises that a) today there are still many diverse, local ood systemsthroughout the world, particularly in developing countries; and b) mosto the world’s ood is grown, collected and harvested by over 2.5 billionsmall-scale armers, pastoralists, orest dwellers and artisanal sherolk.Tis ood is primarily sold, processed, resold and consumed locally,
In this context, “autonomy” and “autonomous spaces” reer to a mode o existence whereby a social group or a nation denes its own needs and limits and sets the course o its own development (Illich, 977).