traditional craftsmanship focused mainly on high level education of restorers, mid-level craftsmanship in conservation field was lost and forgotten;-
the skills and knowledge needed to handle traditional materials, techniques andtechnologies were in many cases forgotten.In spite of the general and Europe-wide spread pressure of the new artificial materialsand unappropriate technologies in built heritage conservation field, the western Europeancountries – where continuity of its history, relation to ownership, craftsmanship, traditionswere saved – shows consciousness to the necessity to encourage the owners towards thetraditional materials, technologies, crafts and offers well-skilled crafts-persons. Trainingcentres were established for example: in Tierhaupten, Germany; in Mauerbach, Austria; inAmay, Belgium; etc.
ICOMOS Slovakia Adoption of “Banská Štiavnica Appeal on Materials, Techniques andTechnologies in the Preservation of the Built Heritage”
The present situation in Banská Štiavnica threatens the safeguarding of the originalfabric of the historical buildings, many of which begin to loose much of their intrinsic valuebecause of poorly executed restoration work, incompatible use of some heavily advertisednew building materials and unappropriate new technologies. Therefore the situation called forthe immediate adoption of suitable measures to build awareness and sensitivity amongcommunity members. The local civic association (Association for Banská Štiavnica ’91)together with ICOMOS Slovakia, the Regional Office for Monuments and Sites Preservationin Banská Štiavnica and with Architectural Faculty of the Slovak University of Technologyorganized 1st international expert´s workshop and training centers exchange program in May2002 in the effort to educate and train mid-level crafts-persons as well as the wide public in anappropriate use of materials and techniques in built heritage conservation.ICOMOS Slovakia, experts from Banská Štiavnica together with the internationaly reknownexperts articulated the needs for improving the heritage preservation and then interpretation attheir first meeting on
“Banská Štiavnica Appeal on Materials, Techniques and Technologiesin the Preservation of the Built Heritage”.
recognizing the ICOMOS charters as well as the Slovak law for heritageprotection and better interpretation recommended to Slovak authorities e.g. following:
“…the establishment of the
in Banská Štiavnica to provide trainingwith appropriate certification for mid-level crafts-persons and technicians; as well as advise property owners,... the encouraging and advising property owners to request the support of qualified crafts- persons and skilled technicians, seeking the advice and coordination of a competent conservation architects,…the building a documentation and information center designed to support training activitiesby means of setting up archives of historic building material, by recuparating and exhibiting physical examples of traditional techniques,..... the encouraging collaboration between the training centres in different countries, and theorganization of joint projects,…“
Training Activities – As the Effort To the Better Interpretation of Cultural Heritage
From the beginning of the year 2000 many institutions and schools in BanskáŠtiavnica strive to contribute to the continuous maintenance, protection, presentation, and thisway to appropriate interpretation of the heritage of this small world heritage site. Local High