From Rabbi Baruch HaLevi Epstein
BLESSING OVER BREAD
בכ גכ קרפ רבדמב:ול םֵאְר תֹפעֲותְ םיָרְצִִמ םִצומ ל-ֵא
א/חל ףד תכרב תכסמ םרצממ םאצמ לא בתכד משמ קפאד גלפ אל אמל לכ אצמ
Rabbi Nechemyah states the proper blessing is םחל איצומ in the past tense; Rabbanan state the proper blessing is םחל איצומה in the present (future) tense. The verse Bilaam stated in praise of the Jewish people that G-d already (past tense) took out of Egypt shows that איצומ is past tense. Thus, allopinions state that past tense איצומ is acceptable, since the bread has already come out of the land.They argue regarding using the language איצומה whether that can also be referring to the past.Halacha decides we use the language of איצומה. Why? All agree that איצומ is acceptable and argue whenusing the language of איצומה?T.T. explains from the Yerushalmi that in proper reading, one attempts to avoid the same letter ending oneword and then starting the next word (לועםמאיצו), and thus add the letter ה, similar to the space in
proper reading of words in עמש תאירק. We can avoid the problem in this context, but not in the same blessing (ןמ םחל).This further explains why in other blessings on food, we use the common language of ארוב and not usethe language of ארובה.
PROPEHCY OF BILAAM – A BLESSING TO THE JEWS
גכ גכ קרפ רבדמבבֹקעְֲַל רֵמֵ תעֵָ
In the Yerushalmi ט"ה ו"פ תבש, Rabbi Chaninah says at that time was like a half of the life of worldT.T. That year was 2486. If this was like a half, then the blessing refers to the year 4972 (1212 in theCommon Era). This was a time of opening of the lights of Torah in the French and Sephardic lands,even though due to our sins, we missed the full potential of that period.
SYNAGOGUES AND PLACES OF LEARNING
ה דכ קרפ רבדמב:לֵאָרְי ָךֶתֹנְְִמ בֹקעֲַ ָךֶלָהֹא בֹט-הַמ
Rabbi Abba bar Kahana says that when the Jews sin, all of Bilaam’s words returned to curses, exceptregarding the ה"ק ןירדהנס) תושרדמ יתבו תויסנכ יתב)T.T. Due to the sins of the Jews, Bilaam’s intentions were fulfilled from all his words, except that verse,since the synagogues and places of learning never ceased from the worldPARSHAPAGES.com www.parshapages.blogspot.com