change the world. We have witnessed first hand the power of ideas. We haveseen people kill in the name of them; and die defending them.According to the Paris-based Reporters Sans Frontieres (RSF - Reporterswithout Borders), the Philippines was the second most deadly place for journalists after war-torn Iraq in 2003 and 2005. Last year, seven journalists wereshot in mafia-style killings.Since January 2001, there have been almost a thousand cases of extra- judicial killings, including the murders of activists, human rights defenders and journalists since Arroyo became the president and implemented her counter-insurgency program Oplan Bantay Laya.Political terrorism, brutality, intimidation, impunity, and outright humanrights abuses are the tools to silence the voices of those who exposegovernment atrocities and of those who oppose the anti-people, anti-nationalpolicies of those in power. Campus press repression is but a microcosm of thebigger picture of political gagging - an active measure of preventing people frombroadening their freedom of expression.Let us recall the glorious traditions of
,which were the genuine instruments of the national democratic movement of their time - the legacy of Rizal, Lopez Jaena, Del Pilar, Jacinto, Luna and their contemporaries. Militant and progressive journalism did not end during their era.In the 1960s Sen. Claro M. Recto first expressed the need for a secondpropaganda movement as part of an intensive and widespread anti-foreigndomination campaign. Many heeded this call, seasoned and young journalistsalike. During martial law, when the establishment media was controlled by thedictatorship, the campus press served as the boy who shouted, “the emperor hasno clothes.” Many Guilders eventually joined the mosquito or alternative pressand afer the dictatorship helped make the Philippine press one of the freest inAsia.