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Le Subjonctif

Le Subjonctif

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Published by IB Screwed

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Published by: IB Screwed on Sep 30, 2010
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05/20/2013

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 http://ibscrewed4french.blogspot.com/ 
Le Subjonctif 
The subjunctive mood is used to indicate that something is not objective: that is to say, it issubject to opinion, or a virtual, imagined situation. The other mood is the indicative, whichis used for hard facts, objective ideas and actual, real situations.There are four tenses in the subjunctive
 –
present, perfect, pluperfect and imperfect.However, the only ones you will need to use are the present and perfect.
Form
The stem of the subjunctive is formed from the third person plural (“ils”) present form of the verb. The “
-
ent” ending is dropped, and then the endings are added:
 
 jetuil nousvousils
 
-e-es-e-ions-iez-ent
 It is important to be aware that many verbs which are irregular in the present form are
regular in the subjunctive
.
 
 http://ibscrewed4french.blogspot.com/ 
Irregular Verbs
Aller
que j’aille
 que tu ailles
qu’il aille
 que nous allionsque vous alliez
qu’ils allient
 
Avoir
que j’
aieque tu aies
qu’il ait
 que nous ayonsque vous ayez
qu’ils aient
 
Être
que je soisque tu sois
qu’il soit
 que nous soyonsque vous soyez
qu’ils soient
 
Faire
que je fasseque tu fasses
qu’il fasse
 que nous fassionsque vous fassiez
qu’ils fassent
 
Pouvoir
que je puisseque tu puisses
qu’il puisse
 que nous puissionsque vous puissiez
qu’ils puissent
 
Savoir
que je sacheque tu saches
qu’
il sacheque nous sachionsque vous sachiez
qu’ils sachent
 
Vouloir
que je veuilleque tu veuilles
qu’il veuille
 que nous voulionsque vous vouliez
qu’ils veuillent
 
Valoir
que je vailleque tu vailles
qu’il vaille
 que nous valionsque vous valiez
qu’ils vai
llent 
Spelling Changes
Verbs Ending in
– 
ier 
For verbs that end in
 –
ier
, the nous and vous forms have a double
-i-
:
nous oubliionsvous oubliiezVerbs Ending in -yer 
For verbs that end in
 –
yer
, the nous and vous forms have a
-y-
at the end of the base:
nous employionsvous employiez
This also applies for
croire
and
voir
. Note that these changes are the same as in the presentindicative.
 
 http://ibscrewed4french.blogspot.com/ 
Verbs with -é-
Verbs like
compléter 
,
espérer 
,
 prérérer 
,
répéter 
,
considérer 
and
céder 
, change the
è
to
é
inthe
nous
and
vous
forms
 je complètenous compl 
é
tionsvous compl 
é
tiezVerbs with -e-
Verbs like
achèter 
,
appeler 
,
lever 
,
 jeter 
and
mener 
, change the
è
to
e
in the
nous
and
vous
 forms.
 je lèvenous l 
e
vionsvous l 
e
viezVerbs with Double Consonants in the Base
In the
ils
form of some verbs in the present, and hence the base, they have a doubleconsonant. However, in the
nous
and
vous
forms, they only have a single consonant. This isthe same as the present indicative.
 je jettenous je
ionsvous je
iezOther Verbs with Changes
Prendre
 je prennenous pre
n
ionsvous pre
n
iez
Tenir
 je tiennenous tenionsvous teniez
Mourir
 je meurenous mourionsvous mouriez
Recevoir
 je reçoivenous recevionsvous receviez

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