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A New Concept of Headlight Light Guide Headlamp

A New Concept of Headlight Light Guide Headlamp

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Published by keval patel
A Methodology for In Cylinder Flow Field Evaluation in a Low Stroke
A Methodology for In Cylinder Flow Field Evaluation in a Low Stroke

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Published by: keval patel on Sep 30, 2010
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400 Commonwealth Drive, Warrendale, PA 15096-0001 U.S.A.Tel: (724) 776-4841 Fax: (724) 776-5760
980008A New Concept of Headlight: LightGuide Headlamp
Alban L’Herminé
Valeo Lighting Systems
Reprinted From: Automotive Lighting Technology(SP-1323)International Congress and ExpositionDetroit, MichiganFebruary 23-26, 1998
The appearance of this ISSN code at the bottom of this page indicates SAE’s consent that copies of thepaper may be made for personal or internal use of specific clients. This consent is given on the condition,however, that the copier pay a $7.00 per article copy fee through the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc.Operations Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 for copying beyond that permitted by Sec-tions 107 or 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law. This consent does not extend to other kinds of copying such ascopying for general distribution, for advertising or promotional purposes, for creating new collective works,or for resale.SAE routinely stocks printed papers for a period of three years following date of publication. Direct yourorders to SAE Customer Sales and Satisfaction Department.Quantity reprint rates can be obtained from the Customer Sales and Satisfaction Department.To request permission to reprint a technical paper or permission to use copyrighted SAE publications inother works, contact the SAE Publications Group.
No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise, without the prior writtenpermission of the publisher.
ISSN 0148-7191
Copyright 1998 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.Positions and opinions advanced in this paper are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of SAE. The author is solelyresponsible for the content of the paper. A process is available by which discussions will be printed with the paper if it is published inSAE Transactions. For permission to publish this paper in full or in part, contact the SAE Publications Group.Persons wishing to submit papers to be considered for presentation or publication through SAE should send the manuscript or a 300word abstract of a proposed manuscript to: Secretary, Engineering Meetings Board, SAE.
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All SAE papers, standards, and selected books are abstracted and indexed in the Global Mobility Database 
A New Concept of Headlight: Light Guide Headlamp
Alban L’Herminé
Valeo Lighting Systems
Copyright © 1998 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.
A new headlamp concept is under development whichbrings innovation and style flexibility to automotive light-ing in addition to savings in overall volume.Thanks to this technology named «Baroptic» (from theEuropean Research Program «Eureka»), the low beamfunction has been reduced to a light pipe 45 mm high,100 mm deep and 190 mm long. This volume is consider-ably reduced compared to a traditional low beam unit.The «Baroptic» can be positioned vertically, horizontallyor inclined, depending on styling preference.The flux emitted by the light source (halogen or HID) isnot reflected on the surface of the reflector (as with aComplex Shape or parabolic reflector) nor projecteddirectly on the road (such as with sealed beam or ellipti-cal projector). It is transmitted by a light pipe and thenprojected through lenses which are positioned along thepipe. These lenses in combination with shields, definethe characteristics of the beam, including width, length,distribution, cut off and homogeneity.The results achieved, with either a European or Americanbeam match 70 mm height headlamps ( from traditionalconcepts). If the flux given by the comparable models areidentical (300 lm minimum), the new technology opti-mizes the distribution of the emitted light.
Generally, headlamps are considered as a styling aspectof the vehicle. Car manufacturers’ stylists continuouslylook for innovation and differentiation.Simultaneously, headlamp volume constraint and acces-sibility are becoming all the more important as sizereduction is required.Those requirements have to be added to headlamp mainlighting functions which impact on safety and comfort forthe driver.Therefore, the research associated with to headlampdesign leads to develop technologies that optimize thebalance between style, volume and of course lightingperformance.As an example, low profile headlamps required by carmanufacturers cannot be designed with traditional con-cept without drastic and so far unacceptable photometri-cal losses.This first low profile headlamp (45 mm useful height)uses a light guide concept compatible with halogen orHigh intensity discharge lamps to give a high qualitybeam distribution.Figure 1.Useful aperture comparisonThis new concept brings a new shape appearance bothlit and unlit, and offers the opportunity to be located in dif-ferent positions (slanted, horizontal...) in the vehicle.
GENERAL – Traditional reflector concepts use parabolicshape reflectors for collection and projection. Then a lensspreads the light in front of it.In Elliptical headlamps, collection is done by an ellipticalreflector and projection is done by the lens.The light guide concept such as an optical fiber systemseparates collection and projection. Light is first collectedand injected in the light guide. After transport, it is thenprojected on the road from the light guide output. Onemajor critical issue is that fiber bundle flux coupling effi-ciency is low and not compatible with halogen lamp use.

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