Modern Trends in IC Engines & Automobiles – VVT-i:
As we know the current global scenario, there is only a little amount of crude oil left onthe earth. This crude oil can hold things together just for another 30 years. So, it is the need of the hour to devise a bail-out for the human race from this blow of energy crisis.The introduction starts by acknowledging Rudolf Diesel and Karl Benz for the inventionof the internal combustion engine, which made some of man’s most cherished dreams, becomereality; the aircraft, the motor car, the submarine, the tank and many other inventions before theycould be born in their practical form. However now, the internal combustion engine (ICE) is onthe way out and electric motors are on the way in, but ICEs have been around for so long that weshould be careful about announcing their demise. They're going to stick around a while longer,and so it's very important to make them as efficient and clean as possible.Since we have to manage with the ICE for much more time, it would be wise to make itcleaner & powerful. In other words, engines must be made more efficient. From the day ICEswere invented, the work of improvisation started. Various researches were conducted. Finally,the best method to improve it, was a lot on the chemistry part, i.e., on the fuel. Among the othermethods, include cylinder de-activation, turbo-charging etc.; the best method which can be veryefficiently used and is being used is the variable valve timing intelligent (VVT-i) system.Variable valve timing and lift allows the valves to open and close to allow air and fuel toenter cylinders and for the products of combustion to exit. Different valve timings produce dif-ferent results (more power, better fuel economy). This allows a smaller displacement engine toproduce more peak power, so it allows for downsizing and fuel savings.