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Kharigad_ABUTMENT_REVISED

Kharigad_ABUTMENT_REVISED

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Published by Jayandra Shrestha

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Published by: Jayandra Shrestha on Sep 30, 2010
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07/01/2013

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KHARIGAD KHOLA BRISGE-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
KHARIGAD KHOLA BRIDGE ABUTMENT DESIGNData for Design
Length of single span =2
 
0mCarriageway width, Bc =4.25mOverallwidthofBrideBo=500m
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
,
 
.No. of main girder =2Dimensions of the longitudinal girder is taken as follows:Length (
 L
si
)=20.00mBreadth (
 B
si
)=0.40mThickness(T
si
) =1.70mDistance betn girders =2.90mNo. of cross beams =6For the design purposes the dimensions of the cross beam is taken as follows:Length (
 L
si
)=2.90mBreadth (
 B
si
)=0.30mThickness(T
si
) =1.40mDistance betn cross beams =4.00mFor the design purposes the dimensions of the internal slab is taken as follows:Length (
 L
si
)=4.00mHence,effec.span in long.dir. =3.70mBreadth (
 B
si
)=2.90mHence,effec.span in transv.dir. =2.50mThickness(T
si
) =0.20mAvg. pavement cover over Slab(
sp
)=0.08mkerb/footpathbreadth =0.375m at bottom and0.225m at topheight =0.5mFor design purpose dimension of cantilever slab is taken asLength (
 L
si
)=1.00mBreadth (
 B
si
)=1.050mfrom c/c of outer girderBreadth (
 B
si
)=0.850mfrom outer face of outer main girderBreadth of carriageway =0.675mfrom c/c of outer girder0.475mfrom outer face of outer main girderThickness(T
si
) =0.150mat the endThickness(T
si
) =0.350mat outer face of main girder
 
Avg. pavement cover over Slab(
sp
)=0.08m
2. DESIGN OF SUBSTRUCTURE2.1DESIGN OF LEFT ABUTMENT
The freebody diagram of the R.C.C Abutment is shown below:i = 0
P
a
b = 90Dimensions taken for the design of abutment:Retaining wallBottom level of base =0.00Length=5.000mRoad level=9.20Breadth=1.300
m at bottom
1.30m at topHeight=6.150mCG of retain. wall from point A =0.650mBallastwall
 
d
A
 Length=5.000mBreadth=0.300mHeight=1.750mheight of superstr. plus bearingReturn wallwithout pav.coverNo.=2Breadth =0.300mHeight of Return wall H1=3Length =3.200mHeight of Return wall H2=1Total height of abutment =7.900m
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
 
KHARIGAD KHOLA BRISGE-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Approach slabLength =5mBreadth =3.2mThickness =0.2mFoundationisoenfoundation
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2
 Length =5.00
 
mWidth6.00mHeel2.000mToe1.700mThick. Abut. Stem1.300m5.000mHeight of footing =1.3Volume =39.00m3W =936.00KN
2.1.1CALCULATION OF LOADSTRESS DUE TO DEAD LOAD
S.NElementsUnitNo.L(m)B(m)H(m)Volume
Unit Wt 
Total Wt  Dead Load of Superstructure
1Hand railsrm420.60 82.400.064.942Railing postscum110.150.151.000.25245.943Wearing coursecum120.604.250.087.0022154.094Kerbscum220.600.300.506.1824148.325Deck slab i) rectanglecum120.603.300.2013.6024326.30ii)trapezoidcum220.600.850.258.7624210.126Main Girder i) filletscum220.600.300.150.932422.25ii) webscum220.600.401.5024.7224593.287Internal Cross Girder i) filletscum82.500.150.150.23245.40ii) webscum42.500.301.203.602486.408End Cross Girder i) filletscum22.500.150.150.06241.35ii) webscum22.500.301.201.802443.20Total Dead load of the superstructure1601.59Total DL coming to one abutment =
 
800.797Dead Load of Abutment
retaining wall5.0001.3006.15039.9824959.40return walls23.2000.3002.003.842492.16ballast wall5.0000.3001.752.632463.00
1114.56STRESS DUE TO LIVE LOAD
Live load due to
class A
loading:Maximum load on the given abutment is produced when the train of load is positioned as shown in the figure:
 Axle Load,KN272711411468686868 x
i
 , m
20.018.814.511.58.55.5
 y
i
1.000.940.730.580.430.28
load, KN 
114.0107.1649.3039.1028.9018.70Maximum total live load=357.2KN
 Load due to impact 
=357.16x0.173=61.8161538KNLive load including impact =357.2+61.81615385=
419.0
KNMaximum live load to abutment =
419.0
KN
      1      1      4      K      N      6      8      K      N      1      1      4      K      N      6      8      K      N      6      8      K      N      6      8      K      N
CL
2.24.3 3 3 320
0.940.730.580.430.28
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2
 
KHARIGAD KHOLA BRISGE-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CALCULATIONOF EARTH PRESSURE FOR RETAINING WALL
Horizontal earth pressure due to backfil
Corresondinto
F=2°ofthebackfillmaterial
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3
 
g =1
 
8KN/m
3
K
a
=
0.3087
(
Coulomb's theory applicable
)
E
p1
= K
o
x g h
2
/2 =173.4KN/mh =7.900mHorizontal component of earth pressure =173.4cos20=162.9KN/mwhich acts at 0.42 x h =3.32m from the top of footing base.Verticle component of earth pressure =173.4xsin20=59.29670046KN/mwhich acts at 0.650m inward from the CG of wall.Total Horizontal Thrust, E
1
= E
p1
x L =814.6KNTotalVerticalThrustE2=ExL=296.5KN,
p2
.
WEIGHT OF BACKFILL BEHIND THE ABUTMENT
Wb =4.4x2.000x7.9x18=1251.36KN
STRESS DUE TO SEISMIC FORCES
Horizontal Forces due to seismicity are computed using the formula as shown in IS Code 1893 or IRC - 6F
eq
=
a
x
b
x
l
x Gwhere
a
=
 
0.08for the zone V of seismic intensity
b
=1.2 for medium soil with isolated footing
l
=1importance factorThus seismic coefficient is taken as 0.096a.Seismic force due to Superstructure=0.096x800.797=76.876512KNheight of action of the force=6.15+0.025+1.70/ 2 ==7.025mb.Seismic force due to Abutment=0.096x1115=106.99776KNact at cg of abutment=3.95mc.Seismic force due to Back fill=0.096x1251.36=120.13056KNacts at cg=3.95md.Seismic Force Due to Live Load=0.096x419.0=40.22171077KN
STRESS DUE TO WATER CURRENT
Horizontal Thrust due to water current is ignored, because it usually contributes to the stabilityof the wall and the load case with seismic condition does not concide with HFL.
STRESS DUE TO BUOYANCY
No bouancy effect as Water Level below the foundation levelElevation HFL (Design)=1301.49mElevation of abutment end=1296.94mDepth effective to Buoyancy=4.55mSubmerged volume of abutment= A
p
x D
b
=38.311m
3
where A
p
=8.42m
2
 Submerged volume of pilecap =0m
3
Submerged volume of Backfill =40.04m
3
Reduction of weight due to Buoyancy=78.351t
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3

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