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Technology Roadmap_ Carbon Capture and Storage-6110191e

Technology Roadmap_ Carbon Capture and Storage-6110191e

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Published by: sougatapahari on Sep 30, 2010
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11/02/2011

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Technology Roadmap
Carbon capture and storage
203520402045
2050
 
Dm
This report is the result of a collaborative effortbetween the nternational nergy gency (),its eber countries, and various consultantsand experts worldwide. Users of this report shallake their own independent business decisionsat their own risk and, in particular, withoutundue reliance on this report. Nothing in thisreport shall constitute professional advice, and norepresentation or warranty, express or iplied, isade in respect of the copleteness or accuracyof the contents of this report. The  acceptsno liability whatsoever for any direct or indirectdaages resulting fro any use of this report or itscontents.  wide range of experts reviewed drafts.However, the views expressed do not necessarilyrepresent the views or policy of the  or itsindividual eber countries.
 UT TH 
The  is an autonoous body, which wasestablished in Noveber 1974 within the fraework of the rganisation for conoico-operation and Developent (D) toipleent an international energy prograe.The  carries out a coprehensive prograeof energy co-operation aong 28 of the 30 Deber countries. The basic ais of the  are: To aintain and iprove systes for copingwith oil supply disruptions. To proote rational energy policies in aglobal context through co-operative relationswith non-eber countries, industry andinternational organisations. To operate a peranent inforation syste oninternational oil arkets. To provide data on other aspects of international energy arkets. To iprove the world’s energy supply anddeand structure by developing alternativeenergy sources and increasing the efficiency of energy use. To proote international collaboration onenergy technology. To assist in the integration of environentaland energy policies, including those relating tocliate change.The D is a unique foru where thegovernents of 30 countries work together toaddress the econoic, social and environentalchallenges of globalisation. The D is also atthe forefront of efforts to understand and helpgovernents respond to new developentsand concerns, such as corporate governance,the inforation econoy and the challengesof an ageing population. The D provides asetting where governents can copare policyexperiences, seek answers to coon probles,identify good practice and work to co-ordinatedoestic and international policies.
 
1
Foreword 
Foreword 
Current trends in energy supply and useare patently unsustainable – economically,environmentally and socially. Without decisiveaction, energy-related emissions of CO
2
will morethan double by 2050 and increased oil demand willheighten concerns over the security of supplies. Wecan and must change our current path, but this willtake an energy revolution and low-carbon energytechnologies will have a crucial role to play. Energyefficiency, many types of renewable energy, carboncapture and storage (CCS), nuclear power and newtransport technologies will all require widespreaddeployment if we are to reach our greenhouse gasemission goals. Every major country and sector of the economy must be involved. The task is alsourgent if we are to make sure that investmentdecisions taken now do not saddle us with sub-optimal technologies in the long-term.There is a growing awareness of the urgent need toturn political statements and analytical work intoconcrete action. To spark this movement, at therequest of the G8, the International Energy Agency(IEA) is developing a series of roadmaps for some of the most important technologies. These roadmapsprovide solid analytical footing that enables theinternational community to move forward onspecific technologies. Each roadmap develops agrowth path for a particular technology from todayto 2050, and identifies technology, financing,policy and public engagement milestones thatneed to be achieved to realise the technology’s fullpotential. Roadmaps also include special focus ontechnology development and diffusion to emergingeconomies. International collaboration will becritical to achieve these goals.This roadmap on CCS identifies, for the first time, adetailed scenario for the technology’s growth froma handful of large-scale projects today to over threethousand projects by 2050. It finds that the nextdecade is a key “make or break” period for CCS;governments, industry and public stakeholdersmust act rapidly to demonstrate CCS at scalearound the world in a variety of settings. Theroadmap concludes with a set of near-term actionsthat stakeholders will need to take to achieve theroadmap’s vision. The IEA presents this roadmapnot only to provide additional focus and urgency tothe international discussions about the importanceof CCS as a technology solution, but to chart thecourse to make CCS a reality worldwide.
Nobuo Tanaka 

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