 1 
Chapter 1. Vector Analysis
1.1. Introduction
This chapter will give an introduction to vector analysis. A
vector
, or displacement, has a
direction
and a
magnitude
. The following vector notations will be used in this course:1.
A
: the vector
A
2.
A
: the magnitude of vector
A
The
opposite
of a vector
A
is a vector with the same magnitude as
A
but pointing in a directionopposite to that of
A
. The opposite of vector
A
is written as

A
.There are four different vector operations that we will be using in this course: vectoraddition, vector multiplication by a scalar, the dot product of two vectors, and the cross productof two vectors. We will start Chapter 1 by discussing these four vector operations in some detail.
1.1.1. Vector Addition
Two vectors
A
and
B
can be added. The result of this operation is a new vector
C
(seeFigure 1.1a). Using vector notation we can write vector addition as follows:
ABC
+=
Vector addition is
commutative
. This means that the order in which two vectors are added doesnot affect the result (see Figure 1.1). The commutative properties of vector addition can bewritten as
ABCBA
+==+
To subtract vector
B
from vector
A
is equivalent to adding the opposite of vector
B
to
A
. Inother words:
ABAB
=+
( )