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1 Rectangular Notch

# 1 Rectangular Notch

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05/18/2013

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RECTANGULAR NOTCH
OBJECTIVETo calibrate the given rectangular notch and to plot the followingcharacteristic curves1 Q
a
Vs H2 C
d
Vs H3 Log(Q
a
) Vs log HTHEORYIn open channel flows, weirs are commonly used to either regulate or tomeasure the volumetric flow rate. A rectangular notch consists of a thin metallic plateplaced across a channel so that water flows over it with a free surface. Therectangular notch is the most commonly used thin plate weir. The flow pattern over anotch or weir is complex and there is no analytical solution to the relationshipbetween discharge and head so that a semi-empirical approach has to be used.The coefficient of discharge C
d
is defined as the ratio of actual discharge obtainedexperimentally to the theoretical discharge. i.e,C
d
= Q
ac
/Q
th
Calibration is the validation of specific measurement techniques and equipment. It isthe comparison between measurements of known magnitude made with one deviceand another measurement made in an as similar way as possible with a seconddevice. In order to use any device for measurement it is necessary to empiricallycalibrate them. That is, here in this case pass a known discharge through the notchand note the reading in order to provide a standard for measuring other quantities ina different location. Provided, the standard mechanics of construction are followedand no further calibration is required for a similar second device with samegeometry. The calibration equation is stated as,Q
ac
= K x h
n

Where, h is the head above crest, K and n are constants depending on the geometryof the notch.

Taking logarithm on both sides we get,log Q
a
= log K + n log hwhich is the equation of a straight line, where log k is the y intercept and n isits slope. The graph log Q
ac
Vs. log h is to be plotted to find k and n.EXPERIMENTAL SETUPThe given notch fitted on an open channel of the experiment setup, pointer gauge to measure the water level over the crest of the notch and measuring tank.Using the stop watch and measuring tank the actual discharge is calculated.PROCEDURE1. Note the sill level (initial water level) using the pointer gauge when there is nodischarge.2.The inlet valve is gradually opened and water is allowed to flow through the openchannel. Allow the flow to become steady and uniform.3. Under steady flow condition, adjust the pointer gauge to touch the new water leveland note down the reading.4. Note the time taken for a predetermined rise in level of water in the collecting tank.5. Repeat the above procedure for different flow rates by adjusting the inletvalve opening and tabulate the readings.RESULTINFERENCE

1
– h
2
== m of water 2 Actual Discharge (Q
a
)Q
a
= AR/t=== m
3
/s3 Theoretical DischargeQ
t
= 2/3 B √(2g)x H
3/2
== m
3
/s4 Coefficient of dischargeC
d
= Q
a
/Q
t
=
Width of notch (B)=acceleration due to gravity(g)=Head(H)=Actual Discharge (Q
a
) =Theoretical Discharge (Q
t
1