OBJECTIVETo calibrate the given rectangular notch and to plot the followingcharacteristic curves1 Q
Vs H2 C
Vs H3 Log(Q
) Vs log HTHEORYIn open channel flows, weirs are commonly used to either regulate or tomeasure the volumetric flow rate. A rectangular notch consists of a thin metallic plateplaced across a channel so that water flows over it with a free surface. Therectangular notch is the most commonly used thin plate weir. The flow pattern over anotch or weir is complex and there is no analytical solution to the relationshipbetween discharge and head so that a semi-empirical approach has to be used.The coefficient of discharge C
is defined as the ratio of actual discharge obtainedexperimentally to the theoretical discharge. i.e,C
Calibration is the validation of specific measurement techniques and equipment. It isthe comparison between measurements of known magnitude made with one deviceand another measurement made in an as similar way as possible with a seconddevice. In order to use any device for measurement it is necessary to empiricallycalibrate them. That is, here in this case pass a known discharge through the notchand note the reading in order to provide a standard for measuring other quantities ina different location. Provided, the standard mechanics of construction are followedand no further calibration is required for a similar second device with samegeometry. The calibration equation is stated as,Q
= K x h
Where, h is the head above crest, K and n are constants depending on the geometryof the notch.