METACENTRIC HEIGHT AND RADIUS OF GYRATION OF FLOATING BODIES
OBJECTIVETo determine metacentric height and radius of gyration of the given floating body.THEORY
It is defined as the point about which a body starts oscillating when it istilted by a small angle. The metacentre may also defined as the point at which line of action of the point of buoyancy will meet the normal axis of the body when the bodyis given a small angular displacement.
the distance between the metacentre of a floating body and thecentre of gravity of the body is called metacentric height.
Radius of gyration:
It is defined as the distance of the centre of gravity of the bodyfrom a reference axis.For a body to be equilibrium W= F
and both weight of the body(W) and the buoyantforce(F
) are acting along the same vertical line. When a body is tilted through asmall angle Θ (known as angle of heel) by two movable weights placed across thedeck the centre of buoyancy shifts from B to B
to the right and there is a parallelshift of the total centre of gravity of the body, i.e. centre of gravity of the bodyincluding movable weights. If a vertical line is drawn through the new position of thebuoyant force ie through point B
, it will intersect the initial line of action of buoyantforce through point B at point M. The point M is the metacentre and the distanceGM,metacentric height. The metacentric height gives a measure of stability for afloating body.