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2 Metacentric Height

# 2 Metacentric Height

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Published by: Ashlin Augusty on Oct 01, 2010

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01/01/2014

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METACENTRIC HEIGHT AND RADIUS OF GYRATION OF FLOATING BODIES
OBJECTIVETo determine metacentric height and radius of gyration of the given floating body.THEORY
Metacentre:
It is defined as the point about which a body starts oscillating when it istilted by a small angle. The metacentre may also defined as the point at which line of action of the point of buoyancy will meet the normal axis of the body when the bodyis given a small angular displacement.
Metacentric height:
the distance between the metacentre of a floating body and thecentre of gravity of the body is called metacentric height.
It is defined as the distance of the centre of gravity of the bodyfrom a reference axis.For a body to be equilibrium W= F
b
and both weight of the body(W) and the buoyantforce(F
b
) are acting along the same vertical line. When a body is tilted through asmall angle Θ (known as angle of heel) by two movable weights placed across thedeck the centre of buoyancy shifts from B to B
1
to the right and there is a parallelshift of the total centre of gravity of the body, i.e. centre of gravity of the bodyincluding movable weights. If a vertical line is drawn through the new position of thebuoyant force ie through point B
1
, it will intersect the initial line of action of buoyantforce through point B at point M. The point M is the metacentre and the distanceGM,metacentric height. The metacentric height gives a measure of stability for afloating body.

The metacentric height is obtained by equating the moment due to movement of movable weights and the moment due to shifting of G to G
1
and is given by thefollowing expression.s w
1
x-w
2
x
2
GM =Where w
1
and w
2
are the movable weights and x
1
& x
2
are their respectivedistances from the centre of the cross bar.W is the total weight of the floating body including the movable weights,Θ is the angle of tilt.Time period of oscillation of a floating body is given byT= 2 π (k
2
/gh)
1/2
K=radius of gyration of the body about longitudinal axis passingthrough the centre of gravity.h = metacentric height, g=acceleration due to gravityAPPARATUSA float tank and ship model with pendulum and protractor for tilt measurement. A setof movable weights and stopwatch for time period measurement.PROCEDURE1 Measure the dead weight of the model.2 Adjust the pointer to zero reading when no tilting moment is applied by adjustingthe balancing weights provided at the ends of cross bar.3 Displace the movable masses across the bar so as tilt the model through a angle.
w
1
x
1
-w
2
x
2
Wtan Θ

4 Note the distances of the known movable weights from the centre of the cross bar and the tilt angle Θ.5 Repeat the process for five different angle of tilt by by varying the movable weightposition.6 Bring the float to balanced position without the loads.7 Allow the float to oscillate and note the time taken for five continuous oscillations.8 Repeat the procedure and calculate the average time period.APPLICATIONFloating vessels designRESULTINFERENCE

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