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Basic Life Support

Basic Life Support

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Published by madelynmas

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: madelynmas on Oct 01, 2010
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10/17/2010

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BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
 
What is Basic Life Support?
 
 Basic life support 
is maintenance of the ABCs (airway, breathing, and circulation)without auxiliary equipment.
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
consists of mouth-to-mouth respiration andchest compression.
 
CPR allows oxygenated blood to circulate to vital organs such as the brain andheart.
 
CPR can keep a person alive until more advanced procedures (such as defibrillation-an electric shock to the chest) can treat the cardiac arrest. CPR started by a bystander doubles the likelihood of survival for victims of cardiac arrest.
 
 Primary Importance?
 
Its primary importance is placed on establishing and maintaining an adequate open
airway
. Airway obstruction alone may be the emergency:
a classmate begins choking on a piece of food!!!
Restore
breathing
to reverse respiratory arrest (stopped breathing) commonlycaused by electric shock, drowning, head injuries, and allergic reactions.Restore
circulation
to keep blood circulating and carrying oxygen to the heart,lungs, brain, and body.
ADVANCE LIFE SUPPORT
 
What is Advance Life Support?
 ALS 
refers to the skills and knowledge that a practitioner possess. The ALS provider may perform advanced procedures and skills on a patient involving invasive and non-invasive procedures.
 
An
automated external defibrillator
or 
AED
is a portable electronic device thatautomatically diagnoses the potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient, and is able to treat them throughdefibrillation, the application of electrical therapy which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heartto reestablish an effective rhythm.
ATTACH AED
1.Power on2.Following voice prompts3.Expose chest4.Attach pads in victim’s bare chest5.Keep following voice prompts6.Clear the victim and press analyze button
GIVING A SHOCK 
7.Be sure no one is touching the victim8.Press shock button if instructed9.Resume CPR immediately after giving 1 shoc10.Follow voice prompts11.Record Events
 
Use AED only when victims have the following 3 clinical findings:
No response
No breathing
No pulse
 
Critical Concepts: The Four universal Steps of AED operation:
POWER on the AED.
ATTACH the electrodes pads to the victim’s chest.
 
Clear the victim and ANALYZE the heart rhythm.
Clear the victim and deliver a SHOCK (if indicated).
 
 Special Conditions that Affect the use of AED :
The victim is 1 year old.
The victim has a hairy chest.
The victim is lying in water, immersed in water, or water is covering the victim’schest.
The victim has implanted defibrillator, or pacemaker.
 
The Chain of Survival 
 
The actions linking the victim of sudden cardiac arrest with survival. Theyinclude early recognition of the emergency and activation of the emergency services,early CPR, early defibrillation and early advanced life support. 
 
 
 
ADULT CHAIN OF SURVIVAL
1.
Early recognition of the emergency and calling for help
activate the emergency medical services (EMS) or local emergency response system,e.g.‘‘phone 112’’. An early, effective response may prevent cardiac arrest.
2. Early bystander CPR: immediate CPR can double or triple survival from VF SCA.3. Early defibrillation
: CPR plus defibrillation within 3—5 min of collapse can producesurvival rates as high as 49—75%. Each minute of delay in defibrillation reduces the probability of survival to discharge by 10—15%.
4.
 
Early advanced life support and post resuscitation care: the quality of treatment duringthe post resuscitation phase affects outcome.

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